World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Wellington, Shropshire


Wellington, Shropshire


Street view of the pedestrianised centre of Wellington

Parish coat of arms
Wellington is located in Shropshire
 Wellington shown within Shropshire
Population 25,554 
OS grid reference
Unitary authority Telford and Wrekin
Ceremonial county Shropshire
Region West Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town TELFORD
Postcode district TF1
Dialling code 01952
Police West Mercia
Fire Shropshire
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
UK Parliament The Wrekin
List of places

Wellington is a town in the unitary authority of Telford and Wrekin and ceremonial county of Shropshire, England and now forms part of the new town of Telford. The total town population of Wellington was 25,554 in 2011 making it by far the largest of the borough towns and the third largest town in Shropshire when counted independently from Telford. However the town centre servers a greater area of roughly 60,000.


  • History 1
  • The creation of Telford 2
  • Shopping and local businesses 3
  • Attractions 4
  • Events 5
  • Education and health services 6
  • Transport 7
  • Community projects 8
  • Notable people 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11


Its name is most likely derived from that of a Saxon settler - Weola - whose farmstead would have been located somewhere in the centre of town, possibly near The Green. A church has stood near that site for almost 1000 years and a priest is mentioned in the

  • Wellington Under the Wrekin – local history, events, attractions and art photography of the surrounding area
  • Wellington Town Council
  • Wellington Chamber of Commerce
  • AFC Telford United
  • Wellington Cricket Club
  • Wellington twinning site
  • Wellington's Market Charter
  • Market Hall demolition marked with plaques
  • Belfrey Theatre (Wellington Theatre Company)
  • Telford Culture Zone

External links

  1. ^ All Saints Church, Wellington
  2. ^ 'Wellington: Economic history', A History of the County of Shropshire: Volume 11: Telford (1985), pp. 222–232. Shropshire market. Date accessed: 20 May 2008.
  3. ^  
  4. ^ British History Online
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^ "Letter: What did Philip Larkin ever do for Wellington?". Shropshire Star. Retrieved 12 April 2012. 
  8. ^ "Plans to re-name Wellington street thrown in doubt". Wellington News. Retrieved 16 February 2011. 


Other notable residents of the town and its hinterland include:

A walkway at the side of Wellington Library was named Larkin Way in honour of Philip Larkin, but this pathway was lost during re-development work on the library and the Borough Council is considering renaming the new, slightly different pathway, with the help of the public. This is not without controversy.[8]

The town's literary claims to fame include it being the birthplace of 19th-century writer Hesba Stretton (1832–1911), and the first job of poet Philip Larkin was as librarian of Wellington Library from 1943 to circa 1945. The poet Philip Larkin described Wellington as a "hole of toad's turds" and stated that his job as town librarian was to "hand out tripey novels to morons".[7] The Rev Patrick Brontë lived in the town for year while serving a curacy before moving to Yorkshire and meeting his future wife there, Maria Branwell. The abolitionist Dr William Withering was born in the town in 1741; he also investigated digitalis, used in the treatment of heart disease. S. Parkes Cadman, who became a prominent clergyman in the United States, was born there in 1864. Several members of the pop group T'Pau (including vocalist Carol Decker and keyboardist Michael Chetwood) grew up in Wellington – the latter returning to run a music shop in the town.

Notable people

Amongst current community projects are the Peace Garden,[5] started by local nonagenarian George Evans, and the ambitious project to reopen the former Clifton Cinema as a multi-purpose community-owned arts centre, since the building was vacated by previous occupants Dunelm in 2012.[6]

A number of community organisations are active in the town. Wellington's 'Walkers are Welcome' Group, for instance, organises regular walks around the area in addition to the annual Walking Festival, and Wellington H2A promote arts and heritage in the town through a range of events. Local history and heritage are also promoted by Wellington History Group and Wellington Civic Society. A twinning group exists to maintain links with Wellington's twin town of Chatenay-Malabry in France.

Community projects

Wellington is located at the western terminus of the M54 motorway and has good bus services making it one of the most accessible towns in Shropshire.

A goods only link to a rail head at Donnington, on part of the former Wellington to Stafford line, has been re-opened. The concept of re-establishing the railway line through Newport and on to Stafford has been raised.

There were also railway links to Much Wenlock and Stafford, both closed in the late 1960s.

In 1867, a branch line was opened to connect the town with Market Drayton. The Wellington and Market Drayton Railway operated for just under one hundred years before closure under the Beeching reforms in 1963. The line remained open for goods only services until 1967, when this service was also withdrawn. The track was lifted in the early 1970s.

Wellington railway station was built in 1849 and has three platforms, served by Arriva Trains Wales and London Midland, providing northbound trains towards Shrewsbury and Wales, and southbound trains to the West Midlands. One of the platforms is a bay platform, which sees little use at present. Additionally, from 2008–2011 the town had a through train service to London Marylebone, the first for almost 40 years.

Wellington can be reached more easily than many Shropshire towns, thanks to its excellent road links, its centrally located railway and bus stations, and its position on routes 45 and 81 of the National Cycle Network.

Wellington Library, where the poet Philip Larkin once worked. The alley to the left of the photo is sign-posted "Larkin Way"
Morrisons supermarket in Springhill, Wellington
All Saints' Church in the centre of Wellington. Built in 1790.
Wellington railway station


The Princess Royal Hospital – one of Shropshire's two main hospitals – is located just outside the town at Apley, as is the Severn Hospice. Within the town itself, Wellington Health Centre is the main GP practice, and the attractive former Cottage Hospital now houses popular day care facilities as Wellington Cottage Care.

Wellington is the main education centre for the borough. Wrekin College, New College Telford and Telford College of Arts and Technology (TCAT) are located around the outskirts of the town, along with several primary and secondary schools.

Education and health services

Autumn kicks off with The Wrekin Barrel Race, when teams race to carry a nine-gallon beer barrel to the top of The Wrekin hill. In October, The Wellington Literary Festival heralds a month-long series of talks and workshops with nationally-known authors and broadcasters, alongside local writers and historians.

During the summer, around 40 events take place in and around the town, including the historically-inspired Midsummer Fayre, the town carnival and Lions Day at Bowring Park, and the Wellington Walking Festival. Sounds in The Square brings live music to the heart of the town across weekends in July and August, and various concerts and fetes complete the programme.

In March, the town marks Charter Day, when the 1244 charter is delivered by a messenger on horseback. A jury then convenes in the Market Square to appoint the town crier, ale taster and market clerk for the year ahead.

Wellington has started to build a reputation for community-led arts and heritage events in recent years. The area's music and theatre groups host performances throughout the year, and amongst other regular events are craft markets at both Belmont Hall and Christ Church (first Saturday of the month).


Wellington is also home to the Belfrey Theatre an amateur venue run by the Wellington Theatre Company which puts on an annual season of plays and other shows.

The New Buck's Head football stadium, home to A.F.C. Telford United, is located in Wellington. Other sporting clubs include the Wellington Cricket Club, currently in the Birmingham League Premier Division, and Wrekin Golf Club.

A short walk from the centre of the town is Sunnycroft, a Victorian villa and mini-estate now owned and run by the National Trust.

Located in the town's Victorian market hall, Wellington Market operates four days a week and houses over 100 stalls selling everything from local cheese to pipe tobacco. A Farmers' Market also takes place on the fourth Saturday of the month, bringing together several Shropshire food producers and retailers in the market's historic home of Market Square. Local volunteers are working with the Market Company to expand the monthly market and raise its profile.

The Wrekin, one of Shropshire's most famous landmarks, provides Wellington with a rolling green backdrop to the south-west. Located just two miles from the centre of the town, it brings tens of thousands of walkers and cyclists to Wellington every year.


Wellington is also one of the area's main centres for pubs, restaurants and small hotels.

A host of small independent businesses have survived and thrived, however, with a steady flow of new small businesses opening as others close. Many of these existing independents are helping to sustain and revive Wellington's market town character – including traditional butchers, green grocers, craft and gift shops and a micro-brewery. Aside from food, Wellington's independent shops offer a wide range of items from bicycles and furniture to sports equipment and fishing tackle.

The area's largest employers are located in nearby areas of Telford, with Wellington itself housing hundreds of small businesses in its shops, offices and small manufacturing units. A range of nationwide chains have branches in Wellington (including Holland & Barrett, Clarks and Boots) but over the last thirty years, many have shunned Wellington in favour of premises in Telford Centre.

Shopping and local businesses

Wellington shown within Telford in Purple.

Local politics left Wellington in conflict with Wrekin District (now Telford & Wrekin) Council for many years, with claims and counter claims of neglect. In more recent years, however, the Council has started making heavy investment to make improvements to the town. Chief amongst these has been the redeveloped Wellington Civic and Leisure Centre near the centre of the town, which has brought together the library, town council, swimming pool and gymn, along with a new registry office. 200 borough council officers are also located at the new complex.

Dawley New Town was designated by the Government in 1963, and was expanded to encompass Wellington in 1968 under the new name of Telford, named for the great engineer and first county surveyor of Shropshire, Thomas Telford. The creation of Telford has divided opinion in Wellington ever since, with some celebrating the jobs and investment it brought to the area and others bemoaning the negative impact on Wellington's own economy – as well as its status and sense of identity.[4] The development of Telford Town Centre since the 1970s has hit Wellington's retail centre hard. In addition, moves such as the renaming of the local football team from Wellington Town to Telford United highlighted to many that Wellington was being erased as a town in its own right.

The creation of Telford

Another street view of the pedestrianised centre of Wellington

To the north-east of the town is the site of Apley Castle, originally a fourteenth-century fortified manor house, the remains of which were converted into a stable block with the building of a grand Georgian house, which was itself demolished in the 1950s. The surviving stable block has been converted into apartments and retains some medieval features.[3]

Apley Castle

The second Shropshire Olympian Games, organised by celebrated Olympic revivalist Dr William Penny Brookes, were held in Wellington in May 1861.

In 1642 King Charles I stayed overnight 'in the environs of Wellington (i.e. not in the town itself) when on his way from Newport to Shrewsbury to rally support for his cause (and to exchange cash for honours), and while here he made his 'Wellington Declaration' in which he said that he would uphold the Protestant Religion, the Laws of England, and the Liberty of Parliament.

Wellington's first market charter was granted to Giles of Erdington, lord of the manor, and is dated 1244 (See citation in external links) and a market still exists today. The market had an open-sided market hall by 1680 - and possibly much earlier - but this was dismantled c.1805 (See Citation in external links). In 1841, a market company formed to purchase the market rights from Lord Forester in 1856.[2] Several years later in 1848, the company built a town hall with the butter market below, creating a permanent covered home for traders.


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.