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Zsámbok

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Title: Zsámbok  
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Zsámbok

Zsámbok
Village
Official seal of Zsámbok
Seal
Zsámbok is located in Hungary
Zsámbok
Zsámbok
Location of Zsámbok
Zsámbok is located in Pest County
Zsámbok
Zsámbok
Location of Zsámbok
Coordinates:
Country  Hungary
Region Central Hungary
County Pest
Subregion Gödöllői
Government
 • Mayor Ilona Holló
Area
 • Total 23.35 km2 (9.02 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,407 Decrease
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 2116
Area code 28
Website zsambok.hu

Zsámbok is a village and commune in the comitatus of Pest County, Hungary.

Location

Zsámbok is located in central Hungary, in the eastern part of Pest County, near the border of Heves County and Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County.

Transportation

This village has roads to Vácszentlászló, Dány, Kóka, Tóalmás, Jászfényszaru and Tura. There are regularly buses to Gödöllő and Hungary's capital city, Budapest. There are rare buses to Tóalmás, Tura and Jászberény. The nearest motorway is the M3 which can be approached through Gödöllő, Bag and Hatvan. Although Zsámbok doesn't have any railway stations, there are ones in Tura, Jászfényszaru, Sülysáp and Isaszeg not far away from the village.

History

In the Middle Ages, Zsámbok was located in a southern area. Due to the often floodings, the population moved higher, to its current place. Zsámbok's name was written first a diploma released in 1328. The name of the settlement desires from Champagnian earls. Other theory says it comes from an adjective which perfectly describes the territory of Hajta, which is a creek near Zsámbok. The name itself has gone through a lot of changes:

  • 1328: Sambuc
  • 1380: Sambok
  • 1470: Tót Sambok
  • 1561: Sombok, Sombog
  • 1562: Sombok
  • 1660: Sambok
  • 1666: Zsambok
  • 1675: Zsámbok

The similarity of Zsámbok and an other town called Zsámbék caused a lot of problems. Unfortunately, the idea of renaming Zsámbok to Nagyzsámbok was refused.

After Zsámbok had been a possession of Sigismond, her wife, Barbara, Albert, Elizabeth, its owner were the Zsámboky and Kókay family. In 1754 the Beniczky family arrived to the village. Lenke Bajza wrote her novels in this settlement. The Benickzy family later emigrated to England. Zsámbok was also populated when it was a part of the Ottoman Hungary. In 1600, due to destructions Zsámbok was the third most populated settlement in the neighbourhood after Vác and Hévíz (even in 1785 Gödöllő, which is now a large town of the region, had only a population of 720).

During the Hungarian Revolution of 1848 there were no battles in Zsámbok, but bevies went through the village. After the Austro-Hungarian Compromise it was hard to make a living in Zsámbok: there were no facitilies to work. The settlement didn't develop during this time. The First World War made the conditions worse: a lot of people had to go to be soldiers, which led the population to decrease: 68 people died, and many other got lost. Zsámbok's traditions were also in danger. Between the two World Wars a new school, pharmacy, kindergarten were built, and a lot of new roads went through the village. During the Second World War many people died and a lot of monuments and buildings were destroyed, including the Schell castle. The third castle was literally taken apart after Zsámbok had become released. The village started in improve: for example, the school was rebuilt. In 1953, the World Peace Council held a ceremony in Zsámbok, due to its beautiful costumes.

From 1975, Valkó, Vácszentlászló and Zsámbok had a common council. Since the latter received only a few amount of money, the village decided - after a public voting - to separate.

Education

Kindergartens

  • Kacó Napközi Otthonos Óvoda

Elementary Schools

  • Bajza Lenke Elementary School

Translation

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Magyar WorldHeritage.
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