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Åland convention

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Title: Åland convention  
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Subject: Åland Swedish, History of Finland
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Åland convention

The Åland convention, refers to two conventions regarding the demilitarization and neutralization of the Åland Islands.

Åland convention held in Paris, France.

The Åland convention of 1856 was signed on 30 March 1856, following the Russian defeat in the Crimean War against the United Kingdom and France. Russia agreed not to militarise the Åland Islands, which was confirmed by the Treaty of Paris (1856).[1]

However, the Russians militarized the islands in 1916, a move that alarmed the Swedes.

The Åland convention of 1921 was signed on 20 October 1921 by Sweden, Finland, Germany, United Kingdom, France, Italy, Denmark, Poland, Estonia, and Latvia. See also the Åland crisis.


  1. ^ "Uneasy Sweden and the Menace of Prussianism; An Analysis of the Scandinavian Situation in View of Kaiser's Reported Ambition to Make the Baltic a German Lake" (PDF).  
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