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Świdnica

Świdnica
Old town
Old town
Coat of arms of Świdnica
Coat of arms
Świdnica is located in Poland
Świdnica
Coordinates:
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Lower Silesian
County Świdnica County
Gmina Świdnica (urban gmina)
City rights 1267
Government
 • President Wojciech Murdzek
Area
 • Total 21.76 km2 (8.40 sq mi)
Elevation 250 m (820 ft)
Population (2014)
 • Total 59,002
 • Density 2,700/km2 (7,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 58-100 to 58-106
Area code(s) +48 74
Car plates DSW
Website http://www.um.swidnica.pl

Świdnica (Polish pronunciation: ; German: Schweidnitz; Czech: Svídnice) is a city in south-western Poland in the region of Silesia. It has a population of 59,002 inhabitants according to 2014 figures. It lies in Lower Silesian Voivodeship, being the seventh largest town in that voivodeship. From 1975–98 it was in the former Wałbrzych Voivodeship. It is now the seat of Świdnica County, and also of the smaller district of Gmina Świdnica (although it is not part of the territory of the latter, as the town forms a separate urban gmina). Świdnica became part of the Wałbrzych agglomeration on 23 January 2014.[1]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Points of interest 2
  • Politics 3
    • Wałbrzych constituency 3.1
  • Education 4
  • Sport 5
  • International relations 6
    • Twin towns — Sister cities 6.1
  • Notable residents 7
  • Notes 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

History

Cathedral of St. Stanislav and St. Vaclav

About 990, the territory on which Świdnica was later founded became part of Poland. Świdnica became a town in 1250, although no founding document has survived that would confirm this fact except for the 1267 mention of a civitas. In the beginning, the town belonged to the Duchy of Wrocław ruled by Henryk IV who granted Świdnica two important privileges conducive to its development, prawo szrotu for the liquor sales monopoly and prawo mili for the ownership of market stalls.[2] By 1290, Świdnica had city walls and six gates, crafts and trade were blossoming, and from 1291-1392 was the capital of Duchy of Świdnica.

At the end of the 14th century, the city was under rule of the Kingdom of Prague, Heidelberg, Kraków, and Pisa.[2]

In 1526, all of Silesia, including Świdnica, came under the rule of the Habsburg Monarchy. The city was in the surrounding Duchy of Schweidnitz. The Thirty Years' War (1618–48) ravaged the Duchy. Świdnica was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia during the First Silesian War early in the Seven Years' War. It was subsequently turned into a fortress by Frederick II of Prussia's army.

It was captured again by Austria in late 1762, but remained Prussian after the end of the Seven Years' War. Subsequently it became part of the Prussian-led German Empire in 1871 during the unification of Germany and stayed within Germany until the end of World War II.

After the defeat of Nazi Germany in 1945, the town became part of Poland according to the post-war Potsdam Conference in 1945. The German population who had not fled during the war were subsequently expelled to Germany and replaced with Poles, many of whom had been expelled themselves from Polish areas annexed by the Soviet Union.

Points of interest

The Evangelical Church of Peace, UNESCO Heritage site

The Gothic Church of Ss. Stanislav and Vaclav from the 14th century has the highest tower in Silesia, standing 103 meters tall. The Evangelical Church of Peace, a UNESCO Heritage site, was built from 1656–57. The 16th-century town hall has been renovated numerous times and combines Gothic, Renaissance, and Baroque architectural elements. The Baroque Church of St. Joseph and the Church of St. Christopher are from the same era. One remaining element of the former defensive works is the Chapel of St. Barbara.

Other notable destinations include the old town and the Stary Rynek square, Gola Dzierżoniowska Castle, Medieval town of Niemcza, Cistercian monastery at Henryków and the Wojsławice Arboretum.

Politics

Świdnica city hall

Wałbrzych constituency

Members of Parliament (Sejm) elected from Wałbrzych constituency, (Wałbrzych)

  • Zbigniew Chlebowski, PO
  • Henryk Gołębiewski, SLD
  • Roman Ludwiczuk, PO (Senat)
  • Katarzyna Mrzygłocka, PO
  • Giovanni Roman, PiS
  • Mieczysław Szyszka, PiS (Senat)
  • Anna Zalewska, PiS

Education

Świdnica is home to a College of Data Communications Technology (Wyższa Szkoła Technologii Teleinformatycznych).

In 2003, Świdnica hosted a session of the Warsaw-based International Chapter of the Order of Smile, when a Child Friendship Centre was established. Świdnica was officially titled the "Capital of Children's Dreams".

Sport

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Świdnica is twinned with:

Notable residents

Świdnica main square in the old town

Notes

References

  1. ^ Press release, Siedem nowych gmin w Aglomeracji Wałbrzyskiej. Swidnica24.pl. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
  2. ^ a b Historia Świdnicy. Period 990-1392. Urząd Miejski w Świdnicy - Historia Świdnicy. (Polish)
  3. ^ Офіційний сайт міста Івано-Франківська. mvk.if.ua (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 7 March 2010. 
  4. ^ http://www.mujicin.cz/vismo/zobraz_dok.asp?id_org=5954&id_ktg=28067&n=partnerska-mesta&query=partnersk%C3%A1+m%C4%9Bsta

External links

  • Silesia Map of 1600s with Town of Schweidnitz in Duchy of Schweidnitz
  • Website of the municipality of Świdnica
  • Jewish Community in Świdnica on Virtual Shtetl
  • Peace Church Panoramic view

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

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