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1927 Jericho earthquake

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1927 Jericho earthquake

1927 Jericho earthquake

Map showing the epicentre of the earthquake according to geologist Natan Shalem
Date July 11, 1927 (1927-07-11)
Magnitude 6.2 to 6.25 on the Richter scale
Epicenter North of the Dead Sea
Countries or regions Mandatory Palestine and Transjordan
Total damage Serious damage to Jericho, Ramle, Tiberias, Nablus and Jerusalem
Casualties At least 500

The Jericho earthquake of 1927,[1] also known as the 1927 Palestine earthquake, was a devastating event that shook the Mandatory Palestine and Transjordan on July 11 at 15:08 local time (13:08 UTC). The epicenter of the earthquake was in the northern area of the Dead Sea. The cities of Jerusalem, Jericho, Ramle, Tiberias, and Nablus were heavily damaged and At least 500 were estimated to have been killed.[2]

Damage and casualties

Mandatory Palestine

Jerusalem

The death toll in Jerusalem included more than 130 people and around 450 were injured. About 300 houses collapsed or were severely damaged to the point of not being usable. The earthquake also caused heavy damage to the domes of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre and the al-Aqsa Mosque.

The rest of the country

The earthquake was especially severe in Nablus where it destroyed around 300 buildings, including the Mosque of Victory and the historic parts of the Great Mosque of Nablus.[3] The death toll in Nablus included more than 150 people and around 250 were injured.

In Jericho, a number of houses collapsed, including several relatively new hotels. In addition, the Allenby Bridge collapsed and the Jordan river was blocked for about 21 hours following the collapse of the Marl cliffs in its banks. Ramla and Tiberias were also heavily damaged.

Transjordan emirate

The most affected city in Transjordan was Salt in which 80 people were killed, in the rest of Transjordan another 20 were killed by the earthquake.

Earthquake epicenter

Vered and Striem (1977) located the earthquake epicenter to be near the Damya Bridge in the Jordan Valley, and close to the city of Jericho.[3] Later research by Avni (1999), located the epicenter to be around 50 km south of this location near the Dead Sea at 31°36′N 35°24′E / 31.6°N 35.4°E / 31.6; 35.4.[4]

References

Sources

External links

  • Jerusalem Hit By Earth Jars - published in the Prescott Evening Courier on July 11, 1927
  • Youngstown Vindicator on July 12, 1927
  • Milwaukee Journal on July 12, 1927
  • The News on July 14, 1927

Coordinates: 31°36′N 35°24′E / 31.6°N 35.4°E / 31.6; 35.4

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