World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

27th Home Army Infantry Division (Poland)

Article Id: WHEBN0000535002
Reproduction Date:

Title: 27th Home Army Infantry Division (Poland)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Home Army, Operation Tempest, Divisions of Poland, 27th Division, Zdzisław Broński
Collection: Divisions of Poland, Military Units and Formations Established in 1944, Units and Formations of Armia Krajowa
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

27th Home Army Infantry Division (Poland)

27th Home Army Infantry Division
27 Wołyńska Dywizja Piechoty
Active 1944
Branch Infantry
Engagements World War II
An official oath of soldiers of 27th Home Army Infantry Division, winter 1944
Recce squad of the 50th Regiment; early 1944
Officers of the division
Meeting with the officers of Colonel Buynov 's brigade in Szack Forest in May 1944

27 Volhynian Infantry Division (Polish: 27 Wołyńska Dywizja Piechoty) was a World War II Polish Armia Krajowa unit fighting in the Volhynia region in 1944. It was created on January 15, 1944 from smaller partisan self-defence units during the Volhynia massacre and was patterned after the prewar Polish 27th Infantry Division.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Commanders 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

History

The unit was mobilized from secondary units from the Kowel, Łuck and Równe Home Army inspectorates as well as from former Polish policemen who had deserted German service.[1] After mobilization in March 1944, the division became one of the largest partisan units in Central Europe with 7300 soldiers, officers and NCOs.

The division initially aided local self-defence units during the massacres of Poles in Volhynia and fought against the Ukrainian Insurgent Army. It also fought German anti-partisan units and regular Wehrmacht troops. Despite orders by the Polish government not to harm civilians, Home Army partisans retaliated against the massacre of Poles by burning down Ukrainian villages and killing ethnic Ukrainians whom they encountered on Volhynian roads.[1] In 1944 the division fought several major battles near Włodzimierz Wołyński (February 23), Hołoby (March 9) and Zasmyki (March 17). During the latter two battles the division cooperated with local Soviet partisan groups and the advancing Red Army. After reaching the frontline and contacting the Soviets, Colonel Jan Kiwerski "Oliwa" was asked to combine the unit with the Red Army as a regular unit of the Soviet-backed Polish army. He declined and returned to partisan fighting. The division was surrounded by the Germans near Kowel on April 2.

After receiving a promise of Soviet help, the unit fought surrounded for two weeks. When no help arrived, the unit started to break through in the direction of Włodawa. As a result of heavy fighting, it lost between 10% and 50% of its personnel.

The division returned northwards and was surrounded by the end of May. Elements of the division broke through the Prypeć river and reached the Soviet lines. The officers were arrested by the NKVD and sent to Russia while most of the soldiers were conscripted into the army of General Zygmunt Berling.

The remnants of the division withdrew westwards, crossed the Bug River on June 7 to the Parczew Forest near Lublin. It joined other Home Army units and took part in the liberation of Kock, Lubartów, and the village Firlej on July 21.

After the Red Army reached the area they took over the captured territory. Most of the divisions officers, NCOs and ordinary soldiers were arrested by the NKVD and were interred in gulags. Only a small part joined the Red Army or the Polish Army.

Commanders

The last gathering of the division before it was disarmed by the Red Army
  • Colonel Kazimierz Damian Bąbiński "Luboń" - January 15 - February 11
  • Lieutenant Colonel Jan Wojciech Kiwerski "Oliwa" - February 11 - April 18
  • Major Jan Szatowski "Kowal" - April 18 - May 3
  • Major Tadeusz Sztumberk-Rychter "Żegota" - May 3 - July 16
  • Colonel Jan Kotowicz "Twardy" - July 16 - July 25

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Snyder, Timothy (2004). The Reconstruction of Nations: Poland, Ukraine, Lithuania, Belarus 1569-1999. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. p. 174.  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.