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African immigration to France

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African immigration to France

This article addresses immigrants to France from Africa. For the French language spoken in Africa, please see African French.
African immigrants to France

Total population
About 6 million. 2,271,231 African-born as of 2008.
Regions with significant populations
Predominantly in and around Paris, with growing populations in Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille, Nantes, Strasbourg, Overseas departments and territories of France
Languages
Common French with various native languages such as African languages.
Religion
Islam, Christianity, irreligious

African immigrants to France include French citizens and residents born in, or with ancestors from Africa.

Population statistics

The French national institute of statistics INSEE estimated that 5,3 million foreign-born immigrants and 6,5 million direct descendants of immigrants (born in France with at least one immigrant parent) lived in France representing a total of 11.8 million and 19% of the total population. From the 11.8 million people, around 5 million were African immigrants.[1][2]

Immigration flows

With 42.9% (90,582) of all immigrants in 2008, people from Africa are the largest regional immigration group in France. These statistics include 26.6% from Maghreb.[3]

By country

Selected countries:[4]
Country % of all
immigrants
2008
% of all
immigrants
2007
% of all
immigrants
2006
% of all
immigrants
2005
% of all
immigrants
2004
Algeria 11.2% 12.0% 14.1% 14.0% 15.2%
Cameroon 1.9% 1.9% 2.1% 2.1% 2.0%
Côte d'Ivoire 1.5% 1.6% 1.8% 1.7% 1.9%
Mali 2.1% 1.3% 1.4% 1.2% 1.2%
Morocco 11.1% 9.5% 9.4% 10.4% 11.4%
Senegal 1.7% 1.8% 1.7% 1.7% 1.9%
Tunisia 4.3% 4.4% 4.5% 4.5% 4.7%

Current immigrant population by country of birth

Immigrants by origin (2008) % N
Africa 42.5 2 271 231
Algeria 13.4 713 334
Morocco 12.2 653 826
Tunisia 4.4 234 669
Other countries of Africa 12.5 669 401
[2]

Notable people

In politics

In sport

See also

References

  1. ^ Être né en France d’un parent immigré, Insee Première, n°1287, mars 2010, Catherine Borrel et Bertrand Lhommeau, Insee
  2. ^ a b Répartition des immigrés par pays de naissance 2008, Insee, October 2011
  3. ^ Statistiques détaillées sur les flux d'immigration, Ined, 2011
  4. ^ INED
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