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African immigration to Norway

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African immigration to Norway

African immigration to Norway


Total population
97,152[1]
1.90% of the Norwegian population
Regions with significant populations
Oslo 33,798
Languages
Norwegian, Afro-Asiatic languages, Niger–Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages
Religion
Christianity, Islam

African immigration to Norway refers to immigrants to Norway from Africa. An estimated 88 764 people in Norway are either first or second generation immigrants from Africa.[1]

Distribution

North and Northeast Africans

Immigration from countries in Africa to Norway increased slightly from the end of the 1980s, but grew markedly from 2000 onwards. The increase is owed mainly to a rise in the number of immigrants from North and Northeast Africa, including Somalia (25,496), Morocco (8,058), Eritrea (5,789) and Ethiopia (5,156).[2]

Other Africans

Compared to North and Northeast Africans, the percentage of Africans from other regions as a proportion of recent immigrants to Norway from Africa is relatively low.

Most other Africans in Norway come from West Africa, especially Ghana (2,034), Gambia (1,409) and Nigeria (1,247).[2] There is also a sizeable population of Africans from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (2,050).

Demographics

Country of origin

Most African Norwegians have a background from the following countries:

Country Population (1970)[3] Population (1980) Population (1990) Population (2000)[4] Population (2010)[2] Population (2014) [1] Increase (2010–2014)
Total 1,179 3,188 10,069 26,521 67,168 97,152 44.64%
 Somalia 3 26 1,303 8,386 25,496 35,912 40.85%
 Eritrea 0 3 18 733 5,789 14,397 148.70%
 Morocco 401 1,130 2,380 5,409 8,058 9,111 13.07%
 Ethiopia 8 214 1,398 2,525 5,156 7,807 51.42%
 Sudan 6 25 57 371 1,318 3,092 134.60%
 DR Congo 12 12 83 236 2,050 2,590 26.34%
 Ghana 8 29 730 1,341 2,034 2,424 19.17%
 Nigeria 11 108 284 504 1,247 1,964 57.50%
 Algeria 64 130 435 880 1,497 1,637 9.35%
 Kenya 16 114 303 642 1,275 1,636 28.31%
 Gambia 19 143 568 984 1,409 1,606 13.98%
 Burundi 0 0 3 62 1,119 1,350 20.64%
 Tunisia 39 100 358 607 1,106 1,279 15.64%
 Liberia 3 8 23 26 1,075 1,220 13.49%
 Uganda 11 176 246 473 903 1,167 29.24%
 Egypt 83 170 281 399 806 1,118 38.71%


Regional distribution

Norwegians with African background live in the following regions:

County African Norwegian[5] Percent of county population
Oslo 33,798 5.33%
Akershus 8,162 1.42%
Hordaland 7,502 1.48%
Rogaland 6,798 1.48%
Østfold 4,635 1.63%
Buskerud 4,261 1.57%
Sør-Trøndelag 3,781 1.23%
Nordland 3,756 1.56%
Telemark 3,275 1.91%
Vestfold 2,614 1.09%
Troms 2,748 1.70%
Hedmark 2,596 1.34%
Oppland 2,580 1.37%
Vest-Agder 2,571 1.44%
Møre og Romsdal 2,571 0.98%
Nord-Trøndelag 1,855 1.37%
Sogn og Fjordane 1,416 1.30%
Aust-Agder 1,220 1.07%
Finnmark 1,013 1.35%

References

  1. ^ a b c Statistics Norway - Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, 1 January 2014
  2. ^ a b c Statistics Norway - Persons with immigrant background by immigration category and country background. 1 January 2010
  3. ^ StatBank Norway
  4. ^ Statistisk Sentralbyrå - Folkemengd etter tre variantar av landbakgrunn, fødeland og statsborgarskap. 1. januar 2000
  5. ^ Statistics Norway - Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents by country background and county. 1 January 2010


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