World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Against Jovinianus

Article Id: WHEBN0004864931
Reproduction Date:

Title: Against Jovinianus  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Attacotti, Mucia Tertia, Clerical celibacy, Celibacy, The Canterbury Tales
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Against Jovinianus

Against Jovinianus is a two-volume treatise by the Church Father Saint Jerome.

Jovinianus' propositions

Jovinianus, about whom little more is known than what is to be found in Jerome's treatise, published a Latin treatise outlining several opinions:

  1. That a virgin is no better, as such, than a wife in the sight of God.
  2. Abstinence from food is no better than a thankful partaking of food.
  3. A person baptized with the Spirit as well as with water cannot sin.
  4. All sins are equal.
  5. There is but one grade of punishment and one of reward in the future state.

In addition to this, he held the birth of Jesus Christ to have been by a "true parturition," and was thus refuting the orthodoxy of the time, according to which, the infant Jesus passed through the walls of the womb as his Resurrection body afterwards did, out of the tomb or through closed doors.

Response to Jovinianus

Pammachius, Jerome's friend, brought Jovinian's book to the notice of Siricius, bishop of Rome, and it was shortly afterwards condemned in synods at that city and at Milan about 390 CE.

He subsequently sent Jovinian's books to Jerome, who answered them in the present treatise in 393. Little is known of Jovinian, but it has been conjectured from Jerome's remark in the treatise against Vigilantius, where Jovinian is said to have "amidst pheasants and pork rather belched out than breathed out his life," and by a kind of transmigration to have transmitted his opinions into Vigilantius, that he had died before 409, the date of that work.

Outline of Against Jovinianus

The first book is wholly on the first proposition of Jovinianus, that relating to marriage and virginity. The first three chapters are introductory. The rest may be divided into three parts:

  • Chapters 4-13 - An exposition, in Jerome's sense, of St. Paul's teaching in I Cor. 7.
  • Chapters 14-39 - A statement of the teaching which Jerome derives from the various books of both the Old and the New Testaments.
  • A denunciation of Jovinianus (chapter 40), praise of virginity, and critique of marriage as a source of worldly distraction.


  • ¬†This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain:¬†

External links

  • Against JovinianusJerome, (text in English)
  • Against JovinianusJerome, (text in Latin)
  • Against VigilantiusJerome, (text in English)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.