World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Aggressive inline skating

Article Id: WHEBN0022457474
Reproduction Date:

Title: Aggressive inline skating  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Skateboarding, Freestyle slalom skating, Vert skating, Aaron Feinberg, Inline skating
Collection: Aggressive Skating, Individual Sports
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Aggressive inline skating

A skater executing a Soul Grind

Aggressive inline is a form of inline skating executed on specially designed inline skates with focus on grinding and spins. Participants refer to the activity as rollerblading, "blading", "skating" or "rolling".

Aggressive skating can take place on found street obstacles or at skateparks. Street skating primarily consists of performing grinds on ledges and rails, as well as jumping tall heights known as "gaps". Park skating recreates these obstacles with the additions of bowls and ramps on which "vert" skating can be performed.

Since 1994, the sport has been chronicled in various skating films and "edits".


  • History 1
  • Types 2
    • Street 2.1
    • Park 2.2
    • Half-pipe 2.3
  • Skate description 3
    • Frames 3.1
    • Wheels 3.2
    • Anti-rocker wheels 3.3
  • Media 4
  • Notes 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7


In 1980, a group of

  • Aggressive roller skating at DMOZ

External links

  • McKenna, Anne (1999). Aggressive In-Line Skating. Capstone Press.  
  • Murdico, Suzanne (2003). In-line Skating: Techniques and Tricks. Rosen Publishing Group.  
  • Weil, Ann (2004). Aggressive In-Line Skating. Capstone Press.  


  1. ^ a b c McKenna p. 11
  2. ^ a b McKenna p. 15
  3. ^ McKenna p. 23
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ "Inline No Longer X Games Competition". March 8, 2005. 
  6. ^ [2]
  7. ^ a b Murdico p. 37
  8. ^ a b Weil p. 12
  9. ^ LA Times


A 2006 documentary, Barely Dead, gives an overview of skating, focusing on its popularity and decline.

Skate videos, like their skateboarding and bmx counterparts, feature skaters both professional and amateur, in "edits", segments of skating usually accompanied by one or more songs. Because these videos are often bootleg, non-commercial releases, this music is often used without permission. Alternatively, original music is sometimes created specifically for the film. The NIMH Team Video, a Brian Shima product, was recently met with acclaim, in large part due to its soundtrack, which featured mostly obscure Rock songs from the 1980s and before (Dead Moon, Satan's Rats, Lost Sounds).

Skate videos began in 1994 with the release of The Hoax: An In-Line Crime. K2 Sports, Salomon and Rollerblade were early proponents of the sport and released their own videos. Senate, arguably the first inline-only company, released a number of influential films during the 1990s.[9] Videogroove, Mindgame, Razors, KFC, and Valo released a number of notable films during the early 2000s. During this period the genre transitioned from VHS to DVD like much of the rest of the entertainment industry. They have similarly transitioned to the digital format since the 2010s.


Two high density polyurethane or plastic wheels with high hardness between 40 and 47mm, replacing the inner two wheels. Some skaters prefer replacing only one of the inner wheels with anti-rockers (called tri-rocker). Anti-rocker wheels enable skaters to grind obstacles with a relatively high diameter. These wheels, unlike normal wheels, give skaters a relatively large margin of balance error while grinding on a concrete curb or ledge. While normal wheels get stuck on concrete surfaces, the much harder anti-rocker wheels will simply slide because of the friction being less, allowing skaters to lean out of their center of balance without tripping. Some people prefer a four wheel setup because grinds must be done perfectly to succeed.

Anti-rocker wheels

Modern skate wheels have undergone many years of development and iteration. The development of the main material, polyurethane (usually simply called urethane), has been dependent on advancements in the polymer industry. The balance between hardness and grip is the key to an optimum skate wheel. Aggressive skate wheels are usually between 54 and 60mm, while anti-rocker wheels are between 40 and 47mm.


In the late 1990s, the Universal Frame System (UFS) was introduced by frame manufacturers to allow the user to easily customize their skates.[8] This led to increased customization of skates within the sport by allowing the user interchangeability between different company's frames.[8] Today, all major frame and skate manufacturers support UFS.

Anti-Rocker, as also described above, is the most popular setup. Freestyle frames have no inner wheels, giving the user a large amount of space in the middle for grinding. Another setup that's gaining popularity, called tri-rocker, means that there are three wheels per skate. The remaining axle hole is left empty or replaced with an anti-rocker wheel. This combines the benefits of a flat setup (going fast and turning easily) with the benefits of an anti-rocker/freestyle setup (grinding easily). The frame company Create Originals makes frames that are meant for tri rocker to be a possibility.

Generally, there are three different types of modern frames: Flat, Anti-Rocker, and Freestyle. Flat, as described above, means you have four wheels per skate. There is another variation of this called the Hi-Lo setup. This means it has large outer wheels, but small inner wheels to make grinding easy. The inner wheels' axles are closer to the ground so that all the wheels touch the ground.

There are several different variations on frame design. Originally a skate had four wheels on each skate, with a gap between the middle wheel where a plastic insert called an H-block was used for grinding. During earlier times, a plastic plate, known as the 'grind plate' was attached to the frame on the outside of the two middle wheels instead of an H-block. This allowed normal recreational skates to be converted into aggressive skates, and it was how most aggressive skates were built at the time. On aggressive skates with H-blocks, the grind plate could be used to increase the life of the H-block. But as frame manufacturers began making removable H-blocks, the grind plate fell out of favor. As the sport evolved, skate companies started manufacturing wheels that were intentionally hard and undersized, in order to facilitate grinding. The undersized wheels are called anti-rockers, and replace the two middle wheels.

The chassis of the skate, called the frame, bolts to the bottom of the skate. Skaters grind on the frames, which are designed for this purpose.


Typically each part is replaceable, and certain manufacturers provided parts that have been divided into individual sections, so a skater can replace specific worn areas.

Part Definition
Cuff an ankle support cuff with an adjustable strap
Shell a boot made of high-impact plastic that surrounds and protects the feet
Liner a soft inner boot
Soul plate a flat, hard plastic plate on the sole of the boot
Negative Soul plate a flat, hard plastic plate on the inner sole of the boot
Frame a hard plastic chassis for the wheels
Backslide plate a grinding area flush with the soul plate, near the middle of the boot, used for grinding on the boot
Wheels two to four polyurethane wheels with bearings
Anti-rocker wheels two plastic wheels that sometimes replace the inner two wheels

Aggressive inline skates are specially designed to be tougher and stronger than normal inline skates, due to the high levels of stress placed on the skate by the stunts and tricks a skater performs. A typical skate consists of a number of different parts.

A pair of Chris Edwards Chocolate aggressive inline skates. This is an older model, which uses grind plates instead of an H-block.

Skate description

Half-pipe is an other discipline of inline skating. It mostly consists in air tricks, such as rotations and grind tricks on coping. In this type of skating some of the most famous names are the Yasutoko brothers, Taig Khris as well as many others.


Park skating refers to skating that occurs in various private and community skateparks. This style differs from street skating due to the specific nature of skate parks, which are designed for skaters to do tricks, e.g. on the top of the ramp (coping). Park skating often emphasizes the technical side of aggressive inline, focusing on the variety of tricks a skater can do and encouraging skaters to connect tricks. A series of tricks connected together in a fluid motion over different obstacles is known as a 'line'. Skate parks often feature quarter pipes and half-pipes, curved ramps and other features that are not usually found in a regular urban setting. A better quality skate park will have good lines—making it easier for skaters to perform tricks. Good skateparks have a flow to them.


In street skating, also known as freestyle skating, the skater performs tricks by utilizing features existing in a common, everyday environment.[7] This involves skaters grinding hand rails and concrete ledges, jumping stairs, ramping off of embankments and generally turning anything on the regular street into an obstacle, ramp, or grind rail.[7] Creativity is often seen as an important aspect of street skating, since skaters are able to invent or link tricks specific to a unique environment, rather than performing more standard maneuvers on predefined obstacles as in park and vert skating.



Current aggressive inline skate manufacturers include Valo, Xsjado, Remz, USD, Rollerblade, K2, Roces, Seba, SSM, Razors and Adapt Brand.[6]

Brian Aragon and Chris Haffey are generally considered the current "superstars" of the sport, with many competition titles and signature skates, alongside other riders like Jon Julio, Jeff Stockwell, Alex Broskow, Richie Eisler, Montre Livingston, Mike "Murda" Johnson, CJ Wellsmore, Franky Morales, Chris Farmer, Dustin Latimer, Aaron Feinberg, Brian Shima, Rachard Johnson, Pablo Skorpanich,[1] Soichiro Kanashima, Julian Bah, Sean Kelso, Roman Abrate, Nils Jansons, Mathieu Ledoux, Billy O'Neill, and many more. They are all professional skaters who have been sponsored by prominent skate brands.

Aggressive inline skating was removed from the ESPN X-Games in 2005 although it is still included in the Asian X Games, LG Action Sports Competitions, Montpellier Fise, and many other large competitions, some associated with WRS, some not.[5]

Founded by company owners/skating legends [4]

, was very popular during the 1990s. Arlo Eisenberg and other films. The "Senate" brand, run by Brink!'s Disney It reached its height in popularity in the late 90s, with mainstream movies like [3] and street event competitions.vertical ramp in 1995 and included X-GamesSelling out to ESPN The sport was included in the first [2] In 1994, the first ever competition series was launched on the beaches of Southern California by two childhood friends turned promoters Rick Stark and Mark Billik. The event was called The National Inline Skate Series better known as NISS to aggressive skaters around the world. Their company Anywhere Sports Productions sold Taco Bell on sponsoring the series for $150,000 and a six stop series was born. Chris Edwards and Arlo Eisenberg were the eventual champions of the 1994 series. NISS, went strong for 5 years holding contests in LA, NEW YORK, ROME and BRAZIL. NISS, was the first series to put aggressive inline on TV with an ESPN deal for the 1994 series and later moving the competition series to PRIME TICKET-Fox Sports. The Aggressive Skaters Association (ASA) was formed by a number of aggressive inline skaters in 1995 as a forum to develop rules governing competitions and equipment.[2]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.