World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ancient kingdoms of Anatolia

Article Id: WHEBN0025915550
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ancient kingdoms of Anatolia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Prehistory of Anatolia, Classical Anatolia, Lukka lands, States in late medieval Anatolia, Kaskians
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Ancient kingdoms of Anatolia

Below is a list of Ancient kingdoms in Anatolia. Anatolia (most of modern Turkey) was the home of many ancient kingdoms. This list does not include the earliest kingdoms, which were merely city states, except those that profoundly affected history. It also excludes foreign invaders (such as The Achaemenid Empire, the Macedonian Empire, Roman Empire etc.).[1]

The list of kingdoms

Map of the Hittite Empire showing and the neighbouring Anatolian peoples and kingdoms

Before Achaemenid conquest (546 BC)

The first column shows the name of the kingdom or the state, the second column shows the name of the capital, the third column shows the life span of the state. However, there are uncertainties both in the second and in the third columns. In particular, the first dates (of emergence) are approximate.
Name of the kingdom Capital Duration (BC)
Hatti Hattuma 2500-1780
Hitti Hattusa 1700-1180
Diauehi 1200
Neša Kanesh 2800-1720
Troy Troy[2] 3000-1184
Hayasa-Azzi 1500-1290
Arzawa Apasa (Ephesus?)
Mitanni Washukanni 1500-1300
Kizzuwatna Kummanni (Comana ?)
Miletus Miletus[3]
Lukka
Assuwa league
Phrygia Gordium 1200-700
Lydia Sardis 1200-546
Neo-Hittites Carchemish 1180-700
Urartu Tushpa 860-590

After Partition of Babylon (323 BC)

Name of the kingdom Capital Duration (BC)
Armenia 331-1
Cappadocia 322-130
Bithynia Nicomedia 297-74
Antigonids 306-168
Pergamon Pergamon 281-133
Galatia Ancyra 280-64
Pontus Amasia 291-62
Commagene Samosata 163-72

In the table it can be seen that there are no new local kingdoms between 9th and 3rd century BC. This era roughly corresponds to foreign rule (Achaemenid Empire and Macedonian Empire.)

See also

References and notes

  1. ^ Seton Lloyd:Ancient Turkey (Trans. Ender Varinlioğlu) Tubitak populer Bilim Kitapları,Ankara, 1989, ISBN 975-403-084-7
  2. ^ Both Troy and Miletus were actually city states. So the names of the capital and the state were identical
  3. ^ Leading state of Ionian League
a. Andreas Schachner 2011, Hattuscha: the oldest settlement is of 6000 BC; between 3200-2500 there is no habitation. Hattum is the Akkadian name for Hattus(sa), the Hattian name is probably Ha-at-ti, so the same as the name of the land.(Oǧuz Soysal 2004,Hattischer Wortschatz in hethithiser Text Überlieferung). The Hattians lived in several kingdoms (city-states)in the Kizirl bassin of the Bronze Age.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.