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André Tardieu

André Tardieu
97th Prime Minister of France
In office
2 November 1929 – 21 February 1930
President Gaston Doumergue
Preceded by Aristide Briand
Succeeded by Camille Chautemps
In office
2 March 1930 – 13 December 1930
President Gaston Doumergue
Preceded by Camille Chautemps
Succeeded by Théodore Steeg
In office
20 February 1932 – 3 June 1932
President Paul Doumer
Albert Lebrun
Preceded by Pierre Laval
Succeeded by Édouard Herriot
Personal details
Born André Pierre Gabriel Amédée Tardieu
22 September 1876
Paris, France
Died 15 September 1945(1945-09-15) (aged 68)
Menton, France
Political party Democratic Alliance
Republican Centre

André Pierre Gabriel Amédée Tardieu (French: ; 22 September 1876 – 15 September 1945) was three times Prime Minister of France (3 November 1929 – 17 February 1930; 2 March – 4 December 1930; 20 February – 10 May 1932) and a dominant figure of French political life in 1929–1932. He was a moderate conservative with a strong intellectual reputation, but became a weak prime minister at the start of the worldwide Great Depression.[1]


  • Biography 1
  • Bibliography 2
  • Tardieu's First Ministry, 3 November 1929 - 21 February 1930 3
  • Tardieu's Second Government, 2 March - 13 December 1930 4
  • Tardieu's Third Ministry, 20 February - 3 June 1932 5
  • Primary sources 6
  • Further reading 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9


Tardieu was a graduate of the elite Georges Mandel.

In 1914 Tardieu was elected to the Chamber of Deputies from the département of Seine-et-Oise, as a candidate of the center-right Democratic Republican Alliance (Alliance Démocratique - AD). He retained this seat till 1924. From 1926 to 1936, he represented the département of Territoire de Belfort.

When Paris Peace Conference and as Commissioner for Franco-American War Cooperation. On 8 November 1919, he became Minister of Liberated Regions, administering Alsace and Lorraine, serving until Clemenceau's defeat in 1920.

In 1926, Tardieu returned to government as Minister of Transportation under Raymond Poincaré. In 1928, he moved to Minister of the Interior, continuing under Poincaré's successor Aristide Briand.

In November 1929 Tardieu himself succeeded Briand as Président du Conseil (Prime Minister), while remaining Interior Minister.

Though generally considered a conservative, when Tardieu became Prime Minister, he introduced a program of welfare measures, including public works, social insurance, and free secondary schooling, and he encouraged modern techniques in industry. On the 11th of March 1932, legislation was passed that established universal family allowances for all wage earners in business and industry with at least two children.

Tardieu was displaced from both offices for ten days in February–March 1930 by Radical Camille Chautemps, but returned till that December. He was subsequently Minister of Agriculture in 1931, Minister of War in 1932, and again Prime Minister (also, this time, Minister of Foreign Affairs), from 30 February to 3 June 1932, until the AD and its coalition partners were defeated in the May elections.

Due this premiership Tardieu served for three (7–10 May 1932) days as the Acting President of the French Republic. between assassination of Paul Doumer and election of Albert Lebrun.

He was briefly a Minister of State without portfolio in 1934.

His later political activity was largely concerned with containing and responding to German expansion.

In his two-volume book La Révolution à refaire, Tardieu criticized the French parliamentary system.


Some of the books he wrote include:

  • La France et les alliances (1908);
  • La Paix (1921; published in English as The Truth About the Treaty)
  • Devant l'obstacle (1927); published in English as France and America)
  • La Révolution à refaire, 2 volumes (1936–37).

Tardieu's First Ministry, 3 November 1929 - 21 February 1930

Tardieu's Second Government, 2 March - 13 December 1930


  • 17 November 1930 - Henri Chéron succeeds Péret as Minister of Justice.

Tardieu's Third Ministry, 20 February - 3 June 1932

Primary sources

  • Tardieu, André. France and the Alliances: The Struggle for the Balance of Power (Macmillan, 1908) online
  • The Truth About The Treaty, written 1921, to defend the French negotiators from claims that they had been too lenient on the Germans.

Further reading

  • Binion, Rudolph. Defeated Leaders: The Politcal Fate of Caillaux, Jouvenel, and Tardieu (1960) pp 197–337 online


  1. ^ Binion, 1960, pp 197-340

External links

  • (contains details about the family allowance reform introduced under Tardieu)
Political offices
Preceded by
Albert Lebrun
Minister of Liberated Regions
Succeeded by
Émile Ogier
Preceded by
Orly André-Hesse
Minister of Transportation
Succeeded by
Pierre Forgeot
Preceded by
Albert Sarraut
Minister of the Interior
Succeeded by
Camille Chautemps
Preceded by
Aristide Briand
Prime Minister of France
Preceded by
Camille Chautemps
Prime Minister of France
Succeeded by
Théodore Steeg
Minister of the Interior
Succeeded by
Georges Leygues
Preceded by
Victor Boret
Minister of Agriculture
Succeeded by
Achille Fould
Preceded by
André Maginot
Minister of War
Succeeded by
François Piétri
Preceded by
Pierre Laval
Prime Minister of France
Succeeded by
Édouard Herriot
Minister of Foreign Affairs
New office Minister of State
Succeeded by
Louis Marin
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