World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America

Article Id: WHEBN0000574214
Reproduction Date:

Title: Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Timeline of Eastern Orthodoxy in America, Saint Andrew Orthodox Christian Church, Outline of Christianity, World Council of Churches, Baptists
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America

The Self-Ruled Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America
Saint Mary's Antiochian Orthodox Christian Church in Livonia, Michigan.
Founded 1895 (Syro-Arabian Mission)
1924 (Archdiocese)
Founder St. Raphael of Brooklyn
Recognition Autonomy Granted by Patriarch Ignatius IV in 2003
Primate Metropolitan Joseph of New York and All North America
Headquarters Archdiocesan: Englewood, NJ
Territory  United States
 Canada
Language English, Arabic, Greek
Members 74,600 (United States)
(27,300 regular attendees) [1]
Parishes 276
Website http://www.antiochian.org/

The Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America, often referred to in North America as simply the Antiochian Archdiocese, is the jurisdiction of the Greek Orthodox Church of Antioch in the United States and Canada. Originally under the care of the Russian Orthodox Church, the Syro-Levantine Orthodox Christian immigrants to the United States and Canada were granted their own jurisdiction under the Church of Antioch in the wake of the Bolshevik Revolution. Internal conflicts divided the Antiochian Orthodox faithful into two parallel archdioceses—those of New York and Toledo—until 1975, when Metropolitan Philip (Saliba) became the sole Archbishop of the reunited Antiochian Archdiocese. The Holy Synod of Antioch granted the Archdiocese a autonomous status referred to as Self-Rule in 2003, and by 2014 the Archdiocese had grown to over 275 parish churches.

History

The Antiochian Orthodox followers were originally cared for by the Russian Orthodox Church in America and the first bishop consecrated in North America, Saint Raphael of Brooklyn, was consecrated by the Russian Orthodox Church in America in 1904 to care for the Syro-Levantine Greek Orthodox Christian Ottoman immigrants to the USA and Canada, who had come chiefly from the Vilayets of Adana, Aleppo, Beirut and Damascus (the birthplace of the community's founder St Raphael).

After the Bolshevik Revolution threw the Russian Orthodox Church and its faithful abroad into chaos, the Syro-Levantine Greek Orthodox Christian faithful in North America, simultaneously shaken by the death of their beloved bishop St Raphael, chose to come under the direct care of the Damascus-based Patriarchate of Antioch. Due to internal conflicts, however, the Antiochian Orthodox faithful in North America were divided between two archdioceses, those of New York and Toledo.

In 1975 the two Antiochian Orthodox archdioceses were united as one Archdiocese of North America (now with its headquarters in Englewood, New Jersey). Since then it has experienced significant growth through ongoing evangelization and the immigration of Orthodox Arabs from the Middle East. Its leader from 1966 until 2014 was Metropolitan Philip Saliba. Six other diocesan bishops assisted the metropolitan in caring for the nine dioceses of the growing archdiocese, which is the third largest Orthodox Christian jurisdiction in North America, with 74,600 adherents in the United States, 27,300 of whom are regular church attendees. As of 2011, it also has 249 parishes in the United States with two monastic communities.[2] Metropolitan Philip died in 2014 and was succeeded by Metropolitan Joseph Al-Zehlaoui.[1]

On October 9, 2003, the Holy Synod of the Antiochian Orthodox Church granted the archdiocese's request to be granted self-rule status to allow it to better govern itself, improve and increase its outreach efforts, internally organize itself into several dioceses, and progress further on the road to the administrative unity of the Orthodox Church in the Americas.[2]

Evangelism

Many conservative former Anglicans have turned to the archdiocese as a jurisdiction, some joining and leading Western Rite parishes with liturgy more familiar to Western Christians. The current mission of the Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America is to "bring Orthodoxy to America" and has a very active Department on Mission and Evangelism which was chaired by Fr. Peter Gillquist who led the mass conversion of the Evangelical Orthodox Church to Eastern Orthodoxy. Gullquist retired in December 2011 and died in July 2012. Fr. Michael Keiser was named as his successor as head of the department.[3] The archdiocese broadcasts Ancient Faith Radio, an Internet-based radio station with content themed around Orthodox Christianity.

As a result of its evangelism and missionary work, the Antiochian Archdiocese saw significant growth between the mid-1960s and 2012. The archdiocese had only 65 parishes across the United States in the mid-1960s and by 2011 this number had increased to 249 parishes.[4]

Relations with Other Christian Bodies

The archdiocese had formerly been a member of the National Council of Churches (NCC), but its archdiocesan convention voted unanimously on July 28, 2005, to withdraw fully from that body, citing increased politicization and a generally fruitless relationship, making it the only major Orthodox jurisdiction in the US to take such a step.[3][4]

Episcopacy

Brooklyn cathedral

Metropolitan Archbishop

Auxiliary Bishops

Titular Bishops

  • Bishop Demetri (Khoury) of Jableh, Auxiliary from 1995-2003, Titular from 2013-present

Former Metropolitan Archbishops

Diocese of New York

Diocese of Toledo

Archdiocese of New York and All North America

See also

Notes

1.^ The number of adherents given in the "Atlas of American Orthodox Christian Churches" is defined as "individual full members" with the addition of their children. It also includes an estimate of how many are not members but regularly participate in parish life. Regular attendees includes only those who regularly attend church and regularly participate in church life.[5]

References

  1. ^ Krindatch, A. (2011). Atlas of american orthodox christian churches. (p. 44). Brookline,MA: Holy Cross Orthodox Press
  2. ^ Krindatch, A. (2011). Atlas of american orthodox christian churches. (p. 44). Brookline,MA: Holy Cross Orthodox Press
  3. ^ http://www.antiochian.org/content/fr-peter-gillquist-retire-head-department-missions-and-evangelism-fr-michael-keiser
  4. ^ Krindatch, A. (2011). Atlas of american orthodox christian churches. (p. 45). Brookline,MA: Holy Cross Orthodox Press
  5. ^ Krindatch, A. (2011). Atlas of american orthodox christian churches. (p. x). Brookline,MA: Holy Cross Orthodox Press

External links

  • Official Website of the Archdiocese
  • Official Website of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch
  • Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America (OrthodoxWiki article)

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.