World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Apheresis (linguistics)

Article Id: WHEBN0001651148
Reproduction Date:

Title: Apheresis (linguistics)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Elision, Sound change, Syncope (phonology), Phonotactics, Sound laws
Collection: Figures of Speech, Phonetics, Phonotactics, Sound Laws
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Apheresis (linguistics)

Sound change and alternation
Fortition
Dissimilation

In phonetics, apheresis (; British English: aphaeresis) is the loss of one or more sounds from the beginning of a word, especially the loss of an unstressed vowel, thus producing a new form called aphetism ().

Contents

  • Etymology 1
  • Apheresis as a historical sound change 2
    • Loss of any sound 2.1
    • Loss of an unstressed vowel 2.2
  • Apheresis as a poetic device 3
  • Apheresis in informal speech 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
    • Notes 6.1
    • Bibliography 6.2

Etymology

Apheresis comes from Greek ἀφαίρεσις from ἀπό apo, "away" and αἱρέω haireo, "to take."

Apheresis as a historical sound change

In historical phonetics, the term "apheresis" is often but not always limited to the loss of an unstressed vowel. The Oxford English Dictionary gives this particular kind of apheresis the name aphesis (; from Greek ἄφεσις).

Loss of any sound

Loss of an unstressed vowel

  • Greek epískopos > Vulgar Latin *ebiscopus > Old English bisceop 'bishop'
  • English acute > cute
  • Middle English Egipcien > gipcyan, gipsen 'Gypsy'[1]
  • English alone > lone
  • English amend > mend
  • English escape + goat > scapegoat[2]
  • Old French e(s)vanisse > Middle English vanisshen 'vanish'
  • Old French estable > English stable
  • Old French estrange > English strange
  • English esquire > squire
  • Greek Assyria > Syria

Apheresis as a poetic device

  • English it is > poetic 'tis
  • English upon > 'pon

Apheresis in informal speech

  • Spanish está > familiar Spanish [e]tá > ta ('is')
  • English oath God's truth > familiar Australian English: strewth (exclamation)
  • English America > 'Murica

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ Online Etymology Dictionary, Gypsy. Retrieved 2010-07-13.
  2. ^ Online Etymology Dictionary, Scapegoat. Retrieved 2012-06-05.

Bibliography

  • Crowley, Terry (1997). An Introduction to Historical Linguistics. 3rd edition. Oxford University Press.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.