World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

As-Salih Ismail

Article Id: WHEBN0022782260
Reproduction Date:

Title: As-Salih Ismail  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Al-Ashraf, Al-Muzaffar Mahmud, Ayyubid dynasty, Al-Afdal Muhammad, Al-Muzaffar Mahmud II
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

As-Salih Ismail

As-Salih Ismail
Emir of Damascus (1237-38; 1239-45)
Reign 1237-1245
Coronation 1237
Predecessor Al-Ashraf
Successor As-Salih Ayyub
Full name
Imad ad-Din al-Malik as-Salih Ismail bin Saif ad-Din Ahmad
Dynasty Ayyubid
Father Al-Adil I
Born Damascus, Syria
Died 1245
Burial Damascus, Syria
Religion Sunni Islam

Imad ad-Din al-Malik as-Salih Ismail bin Saif ad-Din Ahmad better known as as-Salih Ismail (Arabic: الصالح إسماعيل‎) was a Kurdish ruler, the Ayyubid sultan based in Damascus. He reigned twice, once in 1237 and then again from 1239-45.

Sultan of Damascus

In 1237, as-Salih Ismail's brother,[1] al-Ashraf, the ruler of Damascus died. Ismail succeeded him and two months later, the Ayyubid sultan of Egypt, al-Kamil, sent forces to besiege the city. Ismail had the suburbs of Damascus burned to prevent the Egyptian forces shelter.[2] On al-Kamil's death his son al-Adil II occupied Damascus after his brother as-Salih Ayyub, the ruler of al-Jazira, revealed his intentions to succeed al-Kamil as sultan in Egypt. Ayyub was invited to take over Damascus by some of the local governors of Syria and accomplished the conquest in December 1238.[1] Initially, Ismail, who was already governor of Bosra and Baalbek, allied himself with Ayyub.[1]

In August 1239, Ayyub began pressuring Ismail to join him at [3]

Ismail, with the support of the Ayyubids of Kerak, Hama and Homs, captured Damascus from Ayyub in September 1239. Ayyub was abandoned by his troops and taken captive by local Bedouin who transferred him to an-Nasir Dawud's control. This ushered in an era of future rivalry between Ismail and Ayyub.[1] Ayyub eventually ascended to rule the Egypt-based sultanate with Dawud's help, but he soon quarreled with him. Dawud and Ismail had reconciled and decided to establish an alliance with the Crusaders to prevent Ayyub from conquering their territories. In July 1240, an agreement was brokered via Theobald I of Navarre, with the Crusaders allying with Damascus against Egypt. The Crusaders would secure the southern border of Palestine from Ayyub, while Ismail was forced to effectively cede all of the land west of the Jordan River that Saladin had gained for the Ayyubids in 1187, including Jerusalem, Bethlehem, Gaza, and Nablus. Ismail also gave up his own fortresses in Hunin, Tiberias, Beaufort, and Safad.[4] The terms of the treaty provoked outcries and consternation throughout the Arab world, and Muslim imams denounced Ismail because of the loss of Jerusalem.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b c d Abulafia and McKitterick, p.612.
  2. ^ Burns, 2005, p.186.
  3. ^ a b Humphreys, 1977, p.256.
  4. ^ Tyerman. God's War. p. 767.
  5. ^ Folda, 2005, p.165.

Bibliography

Regnal titles
Preceded by
as-Salih Ayyub
Sultan of Damascus
1239-1245
Succeeded by
as-Salih Ayyub
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.