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August Czartoryski

August Czartoryski
Blessed August Czartoryski
Coat of arms Czartoryski coat of arms
Noble family Czartoryski
Father Władysław Czartoryski
Mother Maria Amparo, Countess of Vista Alegre
Born August 2, 1858
Paris, France
Died April 8, 1893(1893-04-08) (aged 34)
Alassio, Italy

Blessed August Franciszek Maria Anna Józef Kajetan Czartoryski, Duke of Vista Alegre[1] (1858–1893) was a Prince of the Polish Czartoryski family, born in Paris during the family's exile. A sickly child, he spent much of his youth being shuttled to various health spas. He was accompanied and tutored by a Polish patriot, Father Raphael Kalinowski, a man who was later canonized. Prince August also turned to the priesthood, and after dying at a relatively young age of tuberculosis, was himself beatified, on the path towards becoming a saint.

Contents

  • Biography 1
  • Tutored by the future Saint Raphael Kalinowski 2
  • Career 3
  • Veneration 4
  • Ancestry 5
  • Notes 6
  • References 7

Biography

Prince August was born in Paris, the only child of Prince Ladislaus (Władysław) Czartoryski and Princess María Amparo, Countess of Vista Alegre (daughter of Maria Christina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Queen of Spain, and her secret husband Agustín Fernando Muñoz, Duke of Riánsares).[2]

The Czartoryski magnate was one of the most powerful families in Poland during the 18th century, but in the 19th century they were exiled from Poland by the Russians, and had their base of operations at the Hôtel Lambert in Paris.

To his family, the young prince was known as "Gucio". He was a sickly child, having contracted tuberculosis from his mother at the age of 6 (she later died of the disease, leaving him her title of Count of Vista Alegre). Much of his life was spent being shuttled to different health spas in mountains and along beaches that had "good air" for the afflicted. From the age of 10 to 17 he studied in Paris and Kraków.

Tutored by the future Saint Raphael Kalinowski

In 1872, when Gucio was 14, his father Prince Ladislaus remarried to Marguerite Adélaïde, and had two more sons in 1872 and 1876. A tutor was hired for Gucio in 1874—Joseph Kalinowski, a Polish patriot who had just returned to Poland from a ten-year sentence in Siberia.[3] Joseph also suffered from respiratory ailments, and accompanied Gucio to many of his destinations. In a letter to his sister Mary, Joseph wrote that he was "father, mother, nurse, brother, companion and caretaker" for the boy. Joseph and August remained close companions until 1877, when Joseph joined the religious order of the Discalced Carmelites and took the name "Raphael of St. Joseph". He was declared a saint by Pope John Paul II in 2004.

Career

It was Prince Ladislaus's desire that his son Gucio pursue a diplomatic career, but the young prince felt a different calling. He was encouraged by Pope Leo XIII to follow Don Bosco (later Saint Don Bosco) of the Salesians.

In 1887, after meeting Don Bosco, Gucio joined that order in Turin, with the ailing Bosco's blessing. He studied theology and philosophy but his health continued to decline. On April 2, 1892 he was ordained as a priest by the Bishop of Ventimiglia, though his family discouraged this, and refused to attend the ceremony. He died only a year later, on April 8, 1893, in Alassio, Italy, of tuberculosis, at the age of 34.

He had been created Duke of Vista Alegre in 1876. The title was inherited by his eldest sister's son.

Veneration

Relics of August Czartoryski, in Przemyśl, Poland

On February 14, 1921 the process for his beatification began, and on the 24 of April 2004, he was beatified by Pope John Paul II, the next step towards becoming a Saint.[4] His remains are currently in Przemyśl, Poland.

Blessed August Czartoryski
Beatified
Born August 2, 1858, Paris
Died April 8, 1893, Italy
Venerated in December 1, 1978
Beatified April 24, 2004

Ancestry

Notes

  1. ^ family tree at thepeerage.com (lists his name as Francisek Czartoryski)
  2. ^ Vatican press release about Czartoryski's beatification
  3. ^ Vatican biography
  4. ^ Catholic News - Pope presides at beatification of six

References

  • Praskiewicz, Szczepan T., Saint Raphael Kalinowski: an introduction to his life and spirituality, 1998 (translated to English by Thomas Coonan, Michael Griffin, OCD, and Lawrence Sullivan, OCD). ICS Publications, Institute of Carmelite Studies, Washington DC.
  • Monk Matthew, Saint from the Salt Mines: A biography of Bd. Raphael Kalinowski, ODC, 1986
  • Czeslaus Gil, OCD, Father Raphael Kalinowski, 1979, Wydawnictwo (translated into English by Sister Czeslava)
  • Vatican biography of Augusto Czartoryski (versions also available in French, Italian, Polish, and Spanish).
  • Pope canonizes 3 Salesians
  • August Franciszek Czartoryski - site with pictures
  • Prince Auguste Czartoryski page at czartoryski.org
  • Salezjanie: Inspektoria Krakowska - Article with pictures of him as a child
  • Salesians of Don Bosco - has many reference materials in multiple languages and formats (including .doc and .pdf articles in English and Polish)
Spanish nobility
Preceded by
María Amparo Muñoz
Count of Vista Alegre
1864–1876
Countship elevated
into dukedom
Countship elevated
into dukedom
Duke of Vista Alegre
1876–1893
Succeeded by
Fernando Sánchez de Toca
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