World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Aurel Stodola

Aurel Stodola
Aurel Stodola
Born (1859-05-10)10 May 1859
Liptovský Mikuláš, Kingdom of Hungary
(today: Liptovský Mikuláš, Slovakia)
Died 25 December 1942(1942-12-25) (aged 83)
Zürich, Switzerland
Resting place Liptovský Mikuláš, Slovakia
Residence Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Switzerland
Ethnicity Slovak
Education Budapest University of Technology and Economics
Known for
  • technical thermodynamics
  • gas turbine-powered electric generator
Awards

Aurel Boleslav Stodola (10 May 1859, Liptovský Mikuláš, Slovakia – 25 December 1942 Zürich, Switzerland) was a Slovak engineer, physicist, and inventor. He was a pioneer in the area of technical thermodynamics and its applications and published his book Die Dampfturbine (the steam turbine) in 1903. In addition to the thermodynamic issues involved in turbine design the book discussed aspects of fluid flow, vibration, stress analysis of plates, shells and rotating discs and stress concentrations at holes and fillets.[1] Stodola was a professor of mechanical engineering at the Swiss Polytechnical Institute (now ETH) in Zurich. One of his students was Albert Einstein.[2] In 1892, Stodola founded the Laboratory for Energy Conversion.

Contents

  • Steam and gas turbines 1
  • Medical equipment 2
  • Honors 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Steam and gas turbines

Stodola's book Steam and Gas Turbines [3] was cited by Soviet rocket scientist Fridrikh Tsander in the 1920s. Published in English in 1927 and reprinted many times up to 1945, it was a basic reference for engineers working on the first generation of jet propulsion engines in the United States.[4] Stodola worked closely with industries on the development of the first practical gas turbines, in particular Brown, Boveri & Cie, who built the first gas turbine-powered electric generator in 1939.[5]

Medical equipment

In 1915–1916 Stodola collaborated with Ferdinand Sauerbruch a German surgeon to develop an advanced mechanically driven prosthetic arm. This collaboration marked one of the first documented examples of a surgeon and engineer merging efforts. Sauerbruch said, "Henceforth, surgeon, physiologist, and technician (prosthetist/engineer) will have to work together."[6]

Honors

Corresponding member of French Academy of Sciences.

See also

References

  1. ^ Rao, S., "Mechanical Vibrations", Addison-Wesley, Wokingham, England, Third Edition, 1995.
  2. ^ "Osobnosti Pýcha inžinierstva celého sveta Aurel Stodola: Moje city nikdy neochabli pre môj národ" (in Slovenčina). civil.gov.sk. Retrieved 23 September 2009. 
  3. ^ (Aurel Stodola (1945), Steam and gas turbines, New York: P. Smith,  )
  4. ^ Dawson, V.P., Engines and Innovation: Lewis Laboratory and American Propulsion Technology. NASA SP-4306, 1991.
  5. ^ Early Gas Turbine History at web.mit.edu
  6. ^ Childress, D.S., Development of rehabilitation engineering over the years: As I see it. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 2002, 39(6, Supplement):1–10.

External links

  • Virtual Exhibition from the Library of the ETH Zürich (German)
  • Fund of A. Stodola
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.