BMX racing

A BMX race at Sainte Maxime, France on the 23rd April 2005. First round of the 2005 European BMX Championships.

BMX racing is a type of off-road bicycle racing. The format of BMX was derived from motocross racing. BMX bicycle races are sprint races on purpose-built off-road single-lap race tracks. The track usually consists of a starting gate for up to eight racers, a groomed, serpentine, dirt race course made of various jumps and rollers and a finish line. The course is usually flat, about 15 feet (4.6 m) wide and has large banked corners that help the riders maintain speed. The sport of BMX racing is facilitated by a number of regional and international sanctioning bodies. They provide rules for sanctioning the conduct of the flying, specify age group and skill-level classifications among the racers, and maintain some kind of points-accumulation system over the racing season. The sport is very family oriented and largely participant-driven, with riders ranging in age from 2 to 70, and over. Professional ranks exist for both men and women, where the age ranges from 18 to 40 years old.


  • Bikes sizes 1
  • Advantages 2
  • Track features 3
    • Starting hill 3.1
    • Step-up 3.2
    • Berms 3.3
    • Double 3.4
    • Step-down 3.5
    • Roller 3.6
    • Flat table 3.7
  • Olympics 4
  • Sanctioning bodies 5
    • Australia 5.1
      • Australian Bicycle Motocross Association (ABMXA) 5.1.1
      • National Bicycle Association (NBA) 5.1.2
      • Australian Cycling Federation (ACF) 5.1.3
      • Bicycle Motocross Australia (BMXA) 5.1.4
    • Canada 5.2
    • France 5.3
      • Fédération Française de Bicrossing (FFB) 5.3.1
      • Association Française de Bicrossing (AFdB) 5.3.2
      • Fédération Française de Cyclisme (FFC) 5.3.3
    • Italy 5.4
      • Associazione Italiana BMX (A.I.BMX) 5.4.1
      • Unione Italiana Sport per Tutti (UISP) 5.4.2
      • Federazione Ciclistica Italiana 5.4.3
    • Japan 5.5
    • Netherlands 5.6
      • Stichting Fietscross Nederland (SFN) 5.6.1
      • Koninklijke Nederlandse Wieler Unie (KNWU) 5.6.2
      • Nederlandse Fietscross Federatie (NFF) 5.6.3
    • New Zealand 5.7
    • United Kingdom 5.8
      • United Kingdom Bicycle Motocross Association (UKBMXA)† 5.8.1
      • National Bicycle Motocross Association (NBMXA)* 5.8.2
      • British Bicycle Motocross Association (BBMXA) 5.8.3
      • English Bicycle Association (EBA) 5.8.4
      • British Cycling 5.8.5
    • United States 5.9
      • Bicycle United Motocross Society (BUMS) 5.9.1
      • National Bicycle Association (NBA) 5.9.2
      • National Bicycle League (NBL) 5.9.3
      • American Bicycle Association (ABA) 5.9.4
      • Other notable American sanctioning bodies 5.9.5
  • International sanctioning bodies 6
    • International Bicycle Motocross Federation (IBMXF) 6.1
    • Fédération Internationale Amateur de Cyclisme (FIAC) 6.2
    • Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI) 6.3
  • General rules of advancement in organized BMX racing 7
    • Skill levels, race structure, qualifying methods, awards 7.1
    • Skill level advancement, local points awards and district ranking 7.2
    • National and special event points awards 7.3
    • Open and trophy dash events 7.4
    • Professionals 7.5
  • Examples of notable BMX racers 8
  • National American sanctioning body number one racers by year 9
    • National Bicycle Association (NBA) 9.1
    • National Bicycle League (NBL) 9.2
    • American Bicycle Association (ABA) 9.3
  • References 10
  • External links 11

Bikes sizes

There are two major BMX racing bikes sizes. One is the 20" wheel bike. This bike is common with minors and is currently the most common class. The Cruiser bikes are any bikes with a 24" wheel. However, any bikes that have a wheel larger than 24" will still be considered Cruisers. Cruisers are more common with older racers and is rapidly growing. The cruiser style bike tends to be easier to jump and rolls better while the 20" is seemingly more agile. [1]


While BMX racing is an individual sport, teams are often formed from racers in different classifications for camaraderie and often for business exposure of a sponsoring organization or company. BMX racing rewards strength, quickness, and bike handling. Many successful BMX racers have gone on to leverage their skills in other forms of bicycle and motorcycle competitions.[2]

Track features

There are all types of BMX jumps, ranging from small rollers to massive step-up doubles. There are pro straights which are for junior and elite men. They are all doubles which range from about 6 m to 12 m, while "Class" straights have more flow and have many more range of jumps.[3]

Starting hill

The Starting hill marks the start of the track. Most BMX Tracks have a gate. The starting hill will normally provide all the speed for the remainder of the race. Generally, the larger the hill, the faster, so pro hills are much larger than the amateur ones.


A short hill, then followed by a much larger hill.


Turns are at an angle. Therefore, you can easily turn without having to brake.


The double are two hills close to each other.


A hill, then followed by a shorter hill.


A small hill, normally in groups.

Flat table

A flat jump, normally for learning to jump.


BMX racing became a medal sport at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing under the UCI sanctioning body. Sanctioning bodies in the United States are the American Bicycle Association (ABA) and the National Bicycle League (NBL). The ABA is certified under the UCI (International Cycling Union), which is recognized by the Olympic Committee.[4]

Sanctioning bodies

A sanctioning body is a private (in the United States and most Western Nations) governing body which controls a sport or specific discipline thereof. One or more sanctioning bodies may operate in a sport at any given time, often with subtle