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Bahal temple

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Title: Bahal temple  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Pannai, Srivijaya, Jabung, North Labuhan Batu Regency, Plaosan
Collection: Archaeological Sites in Indonesia, Buddhist Temples in Indonesia, Cultural Properties of Indonesia in North Sumatra, Srivijaya
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Bahal temple

Candi Bahal I, in Padang Lawas, North Sumatra.

Bahal temple (Indonesian: Candi Bahal), Biaro Bahal, or Candi Portibi is a Vajrayana Buddhist temple (candi) complex located in Bahal village, Padang Bolak, Portibi, Padang Lawas Regency, North Sumatra, Indonesia. About 3 hours journey with car from Padangsidempuan or 400 km from Medan.


  • History 1
  • Complex 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


The temple was constructed in red brick materials and estimated built around 11th century CE, linked with Pannai Kingdom, one of the trading ports on the coast of Strait of Malacca under Srivijayan mandala.[1]

The temple was named according to the village's name, yet another name Portibi in Batak language means 'world' or 'earth' a Sanskrit loanword: Prithvi (goddess of earth).

The architecture of this temple is similar to Jabung temple located in Probolinggo Regency, East Java.


The temples are stood within a complex (in local language called biaro) which is the largest in North Sumatra. The temple compound consist of Bahal I, Bahal II an Bahal III temples. All of the temples are constructed from red brick materials, except for its statues that carved from sandstones. Each of these complexes were surrounded by rectangular 1 meters thick an 1 meters tall brick walls. The gate is located on eastern side, the gate is extended outward with 60 cm tall walls in both sides. In the center of each complexes stood the main temple with entrance facing the gate.[2]

See also


  1. ^ Candi Bahal (Candi Portibi) : Menapaki Jejak Agama Budha Wajrayana di Sumatera
  2. ^ Perpustakaan Nasional RI: Candi Bahal

External links

  • Perpustakaan Nasional Republik Indonesia Data of Bahal temple from Indonesian National Library
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