World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Battle of Chios (201 BC)

Article Id: WHEBN0003158092
Reproduction Date:

Title: Battle of Chios (201 BC)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: 201 BC, Hellenistic-era warships, Theophiliscus, Naval battles of the Hellenistic era, Main Page history/2015 April 29
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Battle of Chios (201 BC)

Battle of Chios
Part of the Cretan War
Date 201 BC
Location Off the shore of Chios
Result Rhodian alliance victory
Macedon Rhodes
Commanders and leaders
Philip V of Macedon Attalus I
Theophiliscus of Rhodes  (DOW)
Around 200 ships Around 100 ships
Casualties and losses
92 ships sunk
7 captured
9,000 dead
2,000 captured
3 ships sunk
60 dead
3 ships sunk
2 captured
70 dead


  • Prelude 1
  • Battle 2
  • Aftermath 3
  • Notes 4
    • References 4.1
  • Primary sources 5
  • Secondary sources 6
  • External links 7


With the First Macedonian War over, Philip started to rebuild his fleet to a size that could challenge the fleets of the Rhodians, Pergamese and Ptolemies.[1] Philip wanted to crush the dominant naval power in the Aegean, his ally Rhodes.[2] He formed alliances with Aetolian and Spartan pirates as well as a few powerful Cretan city states.


In the battle the flagship of Philip V of Macedon, a very large galley bireme or trireme with ten banks of rowers, accidentally rammed one of her own ships when it strayed across her path, and giving her a powerful blow in the middle of the oarbox, well above the waterline, stuck fast, since the helmsman had been unable in time to check or reverse the ship's momentum. Trapped, the flagship was put out of action by two enemy ships, which rammed her below the waterline on each side.

The Macedonian navy outnumbered the allied fleet, but lacked experience for Philip had raised it just a few years prior to the battle. This was a crucial deciding factor.

The battle seemed to be going against Philip, but then Attalus attempted to prevent one of his ships from being sunk, and was driven onto the shore. Philip captured Attalus’s ship, and towed it back through the battle, convincing the rest of the Pergamene fleet that the king was dead. The Pergamene fleets then withdrew. The Macedonians took advantage of this lull to escape from the victorious Rhodians.


The losses Philip suffered at Chios dealt a crippling blow to Macedonian naval power. So much so that the Macedonian fleet played little part in the Second Macedonian War.

When Attalus ran his ship aground, he escaped by land. He only avoided capture because he left his immense riches on board his vessel, which distracted his Macedonian pursuers long enough for him to get away.

The victorious Theophiliscus later died from the wounds that he received during the battle.


  1. ^ Green, Alexander to Actium: The Historical Evolution of the Hellenistic Age, 305
  2. ^ Detorakis, A History of Crete, 305


Primary sources

  • Polybius, translated by Frank W. Walbank, (1979). The Rise of the Roman Empire. New York: Penguin Classics. ISBN 0-14-044362-2.
  • [1]

Secondary sources

  • Peter Green, (1990). Alexander to Actium: The Historical Evolution of the Hellenistic Age. Los Angeles: University of California Press. ISBN 0-500-01485-X.
  • Theocharis Detorakis, (1994). A History of Crete. Heraklion: Heraklion. ISBN 960-220-712-4.

External links

  • Chios, Greece Information about Chios island.

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.