World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Battle of Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki

Article Id: WHEBN0011804292
Reproduction Date:

Title: Battle of Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of battles 1301–1800
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Battle of Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki

Battle of Nowy Dwór
Part of the Second Northern War and The Deluge
Date September 20–30, 1655
Location Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki
Result Swedish victory
Swedish Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
Commanders and leaders
Gustaf Otto Stenbock Jan Kazimierz Krasiński
~1500 cavalry
6500 infantry
60 cannons
7000 cavalry
1000 infantry
7 cannons
Casualties and losses
4 killed ~300
7 cannons

The Battle of Nowy Dwór was fought during September 20-September 30, 1655 between forces of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth commanded by Jan Kazimierz Krasiński on one side, and on the other Swedish Empire forces commanded by Gustaf Otto Stenbock. It ended in Swedish victory.


On September 8, 1655, Swedish forces under King Charles X Gustav entered Warsaw, which had been abandoned by Jan Kazimierz on August 18. At the same time, in the village of Mogilno near Zakroczym, Mazovian levee en masse gathered to fight the invaders. It was commanded by Voivode of Plock, Jan Kazimierz Krasinski. Swedish forces, including such units, as Jämtlands fältjägarregemente and Norrlands dragonregemente, sent from Warsaw to face the Poles, decided to cross the Narew near Nowy Dwor Mazowiecki.

The Battle

On September 21, the Swedes approached Nowy Dwor. Polish camp was located on a 30-meter hill, located at the confluence of the Vistula and Bugonarew. Swedish troops quickly captured Nowy Dwor and began construction of a bridge. Their commandant, Gustaf Otto Stenbock was well aware of the fact that in previous battles, the Polish szlachta of the levee en masse had capitulated to the Swedes without fighting. Therefore, on September 28, Stenbock urged the Poles to capitulate, but their offer was rejected. An exchange of fire began, in which Swedish artillery had an advantage. Covered by the cannons, Swedish reiters crossed the Narew, finishing construction of the bridge, and digging trenches, which protected the river crossing.

In the morning of September 30, Stenbock’s army crossed the river and attacked Polish positions. The battle took place in the area where now the district of Modlin is located. Swedish fire forced the Masurians to withdraw north. Mobility of Polish units prevented them from complete destruction, as the Swedes were too slow to chase them. Polish losses amounted to some 300 killed.

On the next day the Poles counterattacked, but without success. Swedish advance continued, and the invaders captured Pultusk.


Swedish victory opened the road towards the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and Livonia, while Swedish engineers noticed strategic importance of the location of the battle. In the following months, they constructed here a permanent fortified position, the so-called Bugskansen. This star-shaped military camp was main supply depot and concentration point of the Swedish-Brandenburgian army during the Battle of Warsaw. In the early 19th century, the Modlin Fortress was built in the location of the Bugskansen.


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.