World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Battle of Numistro

Article Id: WHEBN0003162710
Reproduction Date:

Title: Battle of Numistro  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Battle of Herdonia (210 BC), Second Punic War, Battle of Ager Falernus, Battle of Beneventum (212 BC), Battle of Beneventum (214 BC)
Collection: 210 Bc, 210S Bc Conflicts, Battles of the Second Punic War
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Battle of Numistro

Battle of Numistro
Part of the Second Punic War
Date 210 BC
Location Numistro, Lucania
Result Inconclusive
Belligerents
Carthage Roman Republic
Commanders and leaders
Hannibal Marcus Claudius Marcellus

The Battle of Numistro was fought in 210 BC between Hannibal's army and one of the Roman consular armies led by consul Marcus Claudius Marcellus. It was the fourth time both generals met in a battle. Previous encounters were all located around the walls of Nola (Campania) in 216, 215 and 214 a.C. and had been favourable for the Roman side.

Antecedents

In the early months of the 210 B.C. consulship, the city of Salapia (Apulia) was betrayed to the Romans. The Punic side lost an important garrison of cavalry there.[1] After this, Hannibal retreated to Brutium and Marcellus conquered the towns of Maronea and Meles in Samnium. Shortly thereafter, the Carthaginian general came back to Apulia and defeated proconsul Gnaeus Fulvius Centumalus Maximus in the Second Battle of Herdonia.[2] Then Marcellus informed the Senate he would intercept and give battle against the Punic general to restore Roman honor. His was the only full strength Roman army in the south of Italy at the moment (there was another minor army in Capua with one legion of 5.000 men and an allied alae of 7.500 soldiers), so the consequences of a defeat could have been disastrous for the Roman side and its attempt to counter the invasion in that part of the country. Marcellus moved from Samnium and intercepted the Punic army in Numistro, a town northeast of Lucania. The Roman army encamped in the plain while the Punic camp was on a hill.[3] Numistro was close to Muro Lucano, on a route that the Punic army used between Northern Apulia and Brutium.

The battle

According to Livy, the fight started early in the morning. Marcellus put his "I Legion" and "Right Alae Sociorum" in the front line.[4] During the combat both units were relieved by the "III Legion" and "Left Alae". Punic forces described by Livy included balearic slingers and Spanish infantry, as well as elephants. The battle lasted one day but after a hard fight the result was inconclusive, since it ended due to nightfall,[5] with Hannibal retreating to Apulia the next day. Marcellus left his injured soldiers at the town to recover and followed Hannibal to hunt him in that territory, having minor engagements until the end of that year's campaign. Frontinus tells that the battle was won by Hannibal thanks to the surrounding terrain.[6]

Both generals met again in battle the following year in Canusium. Numistro and Canusium were probably separated in time by no more than six months, as the former happened during the last period of the 210 B.C. consulship while the latter was in the early months of 209 B.C.

Sources

  • Livy "Ab Urbe Condita" XXVII,2
  • Frontinus "Stratagems" II,II,6
  • Plutarch “Life of Marcellus”, 24

References

External links

  • La Batalla de Numistro


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.