World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Battle of the Arar

Article Id: WHEBN0001928022
Reproduction Date:

Title: Battle of the Arar  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Gallic Wars, Campaign history of the Roman military, Helvetii, Avaricum, Battle of Magetobriga
Collection: 1St Century Bc in France, 58 Bc in Europe, Battles of the Gallic Wars, Helvetii, Julius Caesar
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Battle of the Arar

Battle of the Arar
Part of the Gallic Wars
Date 58 BC
Location Gaul (France)
Result Roman victory
Belligerents
Roman Republic Helvetii
Commanders and leaders
Julius Caesar
Strength
4 Roman legions

The Battle of the Arar was fought between the migrating tribes of the Helvetii, and four Roman legions (Legions VII, VIII, IX, and X), under the command of Gaius Julius Caesar, in 58 BC. This was the first major battle of the Gallic Wars.

The Helvetii were a tribe that originated from what is modern day Switzerland, who, just prior to the battle with Caesar, had commenced on a mass migration through Roman Gaul towards the Atlantic coast.[1]

At Geneva, the Romans destroyed the wooden bridge across the Rhone and constructed nineteen miles of fortifications. The Helvetii tribe tried to migrate by another route, and were crossing the river Arar (Saône) using rafts and boats. Caesar was informed by his scouts and proceeded to engage the Helvetii. Three parts of the Helvetii forces had crossed the river and Caesar routed the fourth part left on his side of the river, killing a great many and driving the rest into the woods.[1]

Peace negotiations having failed, the Helvetii resumed their migration with the Romans following close behind. After fifteen days of pursuit Caesar, short of supplies, decided to make a diversion to Bibracte. The Helvetii attacked the Romans, but suffered a decisive defeat.[1]

The Helvetii Caesar defeated were part of the pagus (sub-tribe) of the Tigurini, which in 107 BC had slain the Consul Lucius Cassius Longinus, as well as the legate Lucius Calpurnius Piso, the grandfather of the Lucius Calpurnius Piso who was the father-in-law of Caesar.

References

  1. ^ a b c Rickard, J., "Battle of the Arar, June 58 BC", HistoryOfWar.org, 17 March 2009

Online Sources

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.