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Battle of the Colline Gate (82 BC)

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Title: Battle of the Colline Gate (82 BC)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Gaius Carrinas (general), 82 BC, Marcus Licinius Crassus, Gnaeus Cornelius Dolabella, Lucius Manlius Torquatus
Collection: 82 Bc, Battles Involving the Roman Republic, Battles of Sulla's Second Civil War, Conflicts in 82 Bc
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Battle of the Colline Gate (82 BC)

Battle of the Colline Gate
Part of Sulla's second civil war
Date November 82 BC
Location Rome, Italy
Result Decisive Optimate victory
Optimates Populares
Commanders and leaders
Lucius Cornelius Sulla
Marcus Licinius Crassus
Pontius Telesinus
Gaius Marcius Censorinus
Marcus Lamponius

The Battle of the Colline Gate, fought in November of 82 BC, was the final battle by which Sulla secured control of Rome following the civil war against his rivals. The Samnites led by Pontius Telesinus attacked Sulla's army at the Colline Gate (Porta Collina) on the northeastern wall, and fought all night before being routed. As well as closing out the civil war the battle signaled the end of the ambitions of the socii, so ending the Social War. In this battle Marcus Licinius Crassus won considerable note by defeating the enemy on his wing and ultimately won Sulla the battle. The battle was swiftly followed by the execution of the Samnite prisoners within earshot of the senate house before Sulla addressed the senate (this was the last serious action ever fought by Samnite forces). The Samnites and Populares were slaughtered in the Villa Publica, in which the five year census was conducted, and their bodies were tossed into the Tiber River. The leaders were all decapitated and their heads sent to Preneste to intimidate the army of Gaius Marius the Younger. As a result, many of Marius' army deserted.[1][2]


  1. ^ Appian, The Civil Wars, 1, 90.
  2. ^ Appian, The Civil Wars, 1, 92-93

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