World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Battle of the Colline Gate (82 BC)

Article Id: WHEBN0000826631
Reproduction Date:

Title: Battle of the Colline Gate (82 BC)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Gaius Carrinas (general), 82 BC, Marcus Licinius Crassus, Gnaeus Cornelius Dolabella, Lucius Manlius Torquatus
Collection: 82 Bc, Battles Involving the Roman Republic, Battles of Sulla's Second Civil War, Conflicts in 82 Bc
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Battle of the Colline Gate (82 BC)

Battle of the Colline Gate
Part of Sulla's second civil war
Date November 82 BC
Location Rome, Italy
Result Decisive Optimate victory
Belligerents
Optimates Populares
Commanders and leaders
Lucius Cornelius Sulla
Marcus Licinius Crassus
Pontius Telesinus
Gaius Marcius Censorinus
Marcus Lamponius
Strength
70,000

The Battle of the Colline Gate, fought in November of 82 BC, was the final battle by which Sulla secured control of Rome following the civil war against his rivals. The Samnites led by Pontius Telesinus attacked Sulla's army at the Colline Gate (Porta Collina) on the northeastern wall, and fought all night before being routed. As well as closing out the civil war the battle signaled the end of the ambitions of the socii, so ending the Social War. In this battle Marcus Licinius Crassus won considerable note by defeating the enemy on his wing and ultimately won Sulla the battle. The battle was swiftly followed by the execution of the Samnite prisoners within earshot of the senate house before Sulla addressed the senate (this was the last serious action ever fought by Samnite forces). The Samnites and Populares were slaughtered in the Villa Publica, in which the five year census was conducted, and their bodies were tossed into the Tiber River. The leaders were all decapitated and their heads sent to Preneste to intimidate the army of Gaius Marius the Younger. As a result, many of Marius' army deserted.[1][2]

References

  1. ^ Appian, The Civil Wars, 1, 90.
  2. ^ Appian, The Civil Wars, 1, 92-93

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.