World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Benadiri people

Article Id: WHEBN0010616907
Reproduction Date:

Title: Benadiri people  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Somalia, History of Somalia, Mogadishu, Ethnic groups in Somalia, Benadiri Somali
Collection: Ethnic Groups in Somalia, Muslim Communities in Africa
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Benadiri people

Regions with significant populations
Somali and Arabic
Related ethnic groups
Arabs, Persians, Somalis, Hararis

The Benadiri people (Somali: Reer Benaadir, Arabic: بناديري‎), also known as Reer Xamar (pronounced "Hamar") or "people of Mogadishu",[1] are an ethnic group in Somalia.


  • Overview 1
  • See also 2
  • Notes 3
  • References 4


The Benadiri traditionally live in Mogadishu, Merca and Barawa on the Benadir coast, and are principally engaged in business and fishing. They speak Benadiri Somali, a dialect of the Afro-Asiatic Somali language referred to as Coastal Somali.[2]

Although the Benadiri are sometimes described as the founders of Mogadishu (hence, their colloquial name Reer Xamar or "People of Mogadishu",[1] though the city itself is postulated to be a successor of ancient Sarapion[3]), their members actually trace their origins to diverse groups. The latter include Arab, Persian and Cushitic peoples, with, in some cases, varying degrees of additional Bantu and Bushman admixture.[2]

Reer Xamar were instrumental in helping to consolidate the local Muslim community, especially in the coastal Benadir region.[4][5] During the colonial period, they were also among the founding members of the Somali Youth League, Somalia's first political party.[6]

See also


  1. ^ a b Abbink, p.18.
  2. ^ a b Abdullahi, Mohamed Diriye (2001). Culture and Customs of Somalia. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 10–11.  
  3. ^ Vérin, Pierre (1986). The History of Civilisation in North Madagascar. A.A. Balkema. p. 30. 
  4. ^ Cassanelli, Lee V. (1973). "The Benaadir past: essays in southern Somali history". University of Wisconsin. p. 24. 
  5. ^ Muslims in the Diaspora (1999) Rima Berns McGown, page 21
  6. ^ I. M. Lewis, A pastoral democracy: a study of pastoralism and politics among the Northern Somali of the Horn of Africa, (LIT Verlag Münster: 1999), p.304.


  • Abbink, J. (1999). The total Somali clan genealogy: a preliminary sketch. African Studies Centre. 

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.