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Berlin-Schöneberg

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Berlin-Schöneberg

For other uses, see Schöneberg (disambiguation).
Schöneberg
Quarter of
Town Hall

Coat of arms
Schöneberg
Schöneberg

Coordinates: 52°29′00″N 13°22′00″E / 52.48333°N 13.36667°E / 52.48333; 13.36667Coordinates: 52°29′00″N 13°22′00″E / 52.48333°N 13.36667°E / 52.48333; 13.36667

Country Germany
State Berlin
District
City
Borough
Founded 1264
Area
 • Total 10.6 km2 (4.1 sq mi)
Population (2008-06-30)
 • Total 116,743
 • Density 11,000/km2 (29,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes (nr. 0701) 10777, 10779, 10781, 10783, 10787, 10789, 10823, 10825, 10827, 10829, 12157, 12159, 12161, 12169
Vehicle registration B


Schöneberg is a locality of Berlin, Germany. Until Berlin's 2001 administrative reform it was a separate borough including the locality of Friedenau. Together with the former borough of Tempelhof it is now part of the new borough of Tempelhof-Schöneberg.

History

The village was first documented in a 1264 deed issued by Margrave Otto III of Brandenburg. In 1751 Bohemian weavers founded Neu-Schöneberg also known as Böhmisch-Schöneberg along northern Hauptstraße. During the Seven Years' War on 7 October 1760 Schöneberg and its village church were completely destroyed by a fire due to the joint attack on Berlin by Habsburg and Russian troops.

Alt & Neu Schöneberg were not combined as one entity until 1874 and received town privileges in 1898. In the following year it was disentangled from the Kreis Teltow and became a Prussian Stadtkreis (independent city). Many of the former peasants gained wealth by selling their acres to the settlement companies of growing Berlin and built luxurious mansions on Hauptstraße. The large town hall Rathaus Schöneberg was completed in 1914. In 1920 Schöneberg became a part of Greater Berlin. Subsequent to World War II the Rathaus served as the city hall of West Berlin until 1991 when the administration of the reunited City of Berlin moved back to the Rotes Rathaus in Mitte.

Neighbourhoods

The locality of Schöneberg includes the neighbourhoods of Bayerisches Viertel (an affluent residential area with streets named after Bavarian towns) and Rote Insel (Red Island) as well as the Südgelände (South Grounds) and Lindenhof areas outside the Ringbahn circle.

Main sights

Notable people

Born in Schöneberg

Lived in Schöneberg

Gay Centre

The area around Nollendorfplatz has been a centre of gay life in Berlin since the 1920s and early 1930s during the Weimar Republic. The Eldorado Night Club on Motzstraße was closed down by the Nazis on coming to power in 1933. The painter and printmaker Otto Dix used patrons of this establishment as subjects for some of his famous works. Christopher Isherwood lived just around the corner on Nollendorfstraße. This apartment was the basis for his book Goodbye to Berlin (1939) and later the musical Cabaret (1966) and the film Cabaret (1972) and is commemorated by a historic plaque on the building.

Vistas

References

External links

  • Gay Berlin Tourist Information
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