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Bharrat Jagdeo

Bharrat Jagdeo (born 23 January 1964) is a Guyanese politician who was President of Guyana from 11 August 1999, to 3 December 2011. He holds a number of global leadership positions in the areas of sustainable development, green growth and climate change.

Prior to his presidency, he was Minister of Finance[1] and became President after Janet Jagan resigned for health reasons. Subsequently he won two elections, in 2001 and 2006. He was the first President of Guyana to relinquish office in accordance with term limits he signed into the Guyanese Constitution.

Jagdeo was born in Unity Village on the East Coast of Demerara.


  • Education and early career 1
  • Prime Minister and President 2
  • Initiatives 3
  • History 4
  • Population 5
  • Honours 6
  • Economy 7
  • International profile and post-presidency career 8
  • Honours 9
  • International profile and post-presidency career 10
  • References 11
  • External links 12

Education and early career

Jagdeo joined the youth wing of the

In his final term as President, President Jagdeo became a global advocate for international action to avert the worst extremes of climate change, and was described by the Chairman of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Rajendra K. Pachauri, as "one of perhaps half a dozen Heads of Government who truly understands the issue". In line with the President's global advocacy, Guyana's Low Carbon Development

In 2003, in his role as Lead Head of Government for Agriculture in the Caribbean Community, Jagdeo spearheaded a process (known as the "Jagdeo Initiative") to create a more competitive and sustainable agricultural sector in the region by 2015.[12]

During Jagdeo's tenure as President, major economic and social reforms were undertaken in Guyana. When he relinquished office, Guyana was concluding its fifth consecutive year of strong economic growth, often out-pacing all other countries in South America. External debt had been almost halved, and external reserves were almost three times their 2006 level. Unprecedented investment in social services took place during the Jagdeo Presidency, enabling significantly improved access to education, rehabilitation of the health system, far-reaching land reform, the biggest expansion of the housing sector in Guyana's history, expansion of the water and sanitation systems, and large-scale development of the road, river and air transport networks. New public procurement and competition laws were passed, and reforms to the tax, fiscal and investment regimes were implemented.


At the PPP's 29th Congress, Jagdeo received the highest number of votes (777) in the election to the party's Central Committee,[6][7] held on 2 August 2008.[6] He was then elected to the PPP Executive Committee[6][8] on 12 August 2008.[8] In late 2011, his term of office officially came to an end as a result of the term limit amendment to the Constitution, piloted by his government, and signed into law by himself, which created a two-term limit for anyone elected President after the year 2000.[9][10] He was succeeded by the PPP/C Presidential Candidate, Donald Ramotar, who was elected President after the November 28, 2011 General Elections. Under the Constitution, President Jagdeo's term officially ended on December 3, 2011 after President-Elect Ramotar took the Presidential Oath of Office.[11]

On 8 August 1999, Janet Jagan announced that she was resigning as President for health reasons, and that Jagdeo would be her successor.[2] Because the Prime Minister is the President's legal successor, Jagdeo took office as Prime Minister on 9 August, so that he would be positioned to succeed Jagan.[3] He was then sworn in as President on 11 August.[4] – at age 35, he was one of the youngest Heads of State in the world. Jagdeo was re-elected for another five-year term on 28 August 2006, with the PPP garnering 54.6 percent of the votes. It expanded its majority, by two, to 36 seats in the 65-member parliament. He was sworn in for another term on 2 September.[5]

Prime Minister and President

Jagdeo was appointed as Junior Minister of Finance in October 1993, and a few weeks later, at the PPP's 24th Congress, he was elected to the party's Central Committee. He later became a member of the Executive Committee of the PPP. In the Cabinet, he was promoted to Senior Minister of Finance in May 1995.[1]

After obtaining a Master's degree in Economics, from Patrice Lumumba Peoples' Friendship University in Moscow in 1990, Jagdeo returned to Guyana and worked as an economist in the State Planning Secretariat until the PPP-Civic election victory in the October 1992 election. After this he became Special Advisor to the Minister of Finance.


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