World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Bilu

Article Id: WHEBN0000740484
Reproduction Date:

Title: Bilu  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Kfar Bilu, Hovevei Zion, History of Israel, Aliyah, Bilu
Collection: Bilu, History of Israel, Zionist Organizations
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Bilu

Bilu (Hebrew: ביל"ו‎) (also Palestine Pioneers[1]) was a movement whose goal was the agricultural settlement of the Land of Israel. Its members were known as Bilu'im.

Contents

  • Etymology 1
  • History 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Etymology

"Bilu" is an acronym based on a verse from the Book of Isaiah (2:5) "בית יעקב לכו ונלכה" Beit Ya'akov Lekhu Venelkha ("House of Jacob, let us go [up]").

History

The wave of pogroms of 1881–1884 and anti-Semitic May Laws of 1882 introduced by Tsar Alexander III of Russia prompted mass emigration of Jews from the Russian Empire. In July 1882, the first group of Bilu pioneers arrived in Ottoman Palestine. The group consisted of fourteen university students from Kharkov led by Israel Belkind, later a prominent writer and historian.[2] After a short stay at the Jewish farming school in Mikveh Israel, they joined Hovevei Zion members in establishing Rishon LeZion ("First to Zion"), an agricultural cooperative on land purchased from the Arab village of Ayun Kara.[3] Plagued by water shortages, illness and financial debt, the group abandoned the site within a few months. They then sought help from Baron Edmond James de Rothschild and Maurice de Hirsch, who provided funding that led to the establishment of the local wine industry.[4] In 1886, construction began on a winery in Rishon Lezion that became a successful wine-exporting enterprise.[5]

In the winter of 1884, another group of Bilu pioneers founded Gedera.[6] Gedera was established on a tract of land purchased from the Arab village of Qatra by Yehiel Michel Pines of the Lovers of Zion through the auspices of the French consul in Jaffa.[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ Gunther, John (June 12, 1939). "CHAIM WEIZMAN ZIONIST LEADER".  
  2. ^ Israel Belkind (1861-1929) - Jewish Virtual Library
  3. ^ Aaronson, Ran, Rothschild and early Jewish colonization in Palestine, Rowman & Minefield Publishers, 2000, pp.35-37
  4. ^ Annual: a survey of Israel's economy, 1955, p.66
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ Yuval Ben-Bassat (2009). "Proto-Zionist-Arab encounters in late nineteenth-century Palestine: Socioregional dimensions". Journal of Palestine Studies 38: 42–63.  
  7. ^ Israel Antiquities Authority, Conservation: Gedera, Tel Qatra,

External links

  • A history of Israel: Bilu
  • Statutes of the BILU Society at zionistarchives.org.il
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.