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Title: Biscione  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: House of Visconti, Casa Panigarola, Emmet (heraldry), Sea-lion, Bear in heraldry
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Arms of the House of Visconti.
As a symbol of Milan, seen here at the Central Station.

The Biscione (Italian pronunciation: ; in Milanese as the Bissa), also known as the Vipera ("viper"), is a heraldic charge showing in argent an azure serpent in the act of consuming a human; usually a child and sometimes described as a Moor. It was the emblem of the House of Visconti from the 11th century, becoming associated with Milan as the Visconti gained control over the city in 1277. When the Visconti family died out in the 15th century, the emblem retained its association with the Duchy of Milan and became part of the coats of arms of the House of Sforza; the presence of Biscione in Poland (Sanok) and Belarus (Pruzhany) is due to queen Bona Sforza.

The word biscione is an augmentative of Italian biscia "non-venomous snake; grass snake" (corrupted from bistia, ultimately from Latin bestia). As the symbol of Milan, the biscione is also used by the football club Inter Milan, by car manufacturer Alfa Romeo and, in a version where a flower replaces the child, by the mass media company Mediaset. A similar design is found in the seals of the Hungarian nobleman Nicholas I Garay, palatine to the King of Hungary (1375–1385). Here the crowned snake devours a Sovereign's Orb, rather than a human.[1]


  1. ^ ERESS D. CSABA: Ugod. Száz magyar falu könyvesháza. Szerkesztette: HERMANN ISTVÁN, Megjelent a magyar állam millenniumára, Budapest. Elektronikus megjelenítés: NKÖEOK Szerkesztőség - 2007 [1]

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