World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Blekinge

Article Id: WHEBN0024071774
Reproduction Date:

Title: Blekinge  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Provinces of Sweden, Scania, Småland, Blekinge Institute of Technology, F 17 Kallinge
Collection: Blekinge, Provinces of Sweden
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Blekinge

Blekinge
Coat of arms of Blekinge
Coat of arms
Country Sweden
Land Götaland
County Blekinge County
Area
 • Total 3,055 km2 (1,180 sq mi)
Population (Dec. 2012)[1]
 • Total 152,315
 • Density 50/km2 (130/sq mi)
Ethnicity
 • Language Swedish
Culture
 • Flower Oak and Mullein
 • Animal Lucanus cervus
 • Bird Nuthatch
 • Fish Cod
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area codes 0454–0457

Blekinge is one of the traditional provinces of Sweden (landskap), situated in the south of the country. It borders Småland, Scania and the Baltic Sea. It is the country's second-smallest province by area (only Öland is smaller), and the smallest province located on the mainland.

The name "Blekinge" comes from the adjective bleke, which corresponds to the nautical term for "dead calm".

Contents

  • Administration 1
  • Geography 2
  • History 3
    • Subdivisions 3.1
  • Language 4
  • Sports 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Administration

The historical provinces of Sweden serve no administrative function. Blekinge is, however, the only province, besides Gotland, which covers exactly the same area as the administrative county, which is Blekinge County.

Blekinge was granted its current arms at the funeral of Charles X Gustav of Sweden in 1660, based on a seal from the 15th century. Symobolically the three crowns from the Coat of arms of Sweden had been placed on the trunk of the tree to mark the change in status of the former Danish province, that now belonged to Sweden. The arms is represented with a ducal coronet. Blazon: "Azure, an Oak Tree eradicated Or ensigned with three Crowns palewise of the same."

Geography

Blekinge has a scenic archipelago and is sometimes called the "Garden of Sweden".

History

Blekinge became part of the kingdom of Denmark at some point in the early 11th century - most likely 1026. Its status before then is unknown. It then remained a Danish province for over 600 years, and together with the provinces of Skåne and Halland, it made up the eastern part of the Danish kingdom where Scanian Law prevailed. As a borderprovince Blekinge was often raided and looted by Swedish troops during Danish-Swedish wars. In 1658 it was ceded to Sweden according to the Treaty of Roskilde and has remained Swedish ever since.

During the Danish era, Elleholm and Kristianopel. After the Swedish takeover two new towns, Karlshamn (chartered in 1664) and Karlskrona (1680), were built, and the populations of Ronneby and Kristianopel were forcibly relocated to them. Karlskrona has for more than 300 years been the principal naval base in Sweden.[2]

Subdivisions

Hundreds (in Götaland incl. Blekinge called härad in Swedish, in Svealand called hundare) were the historical subdivision of a Swedish province. Blekinge's hundreds were: Bräkne Hundred, Eastern Hundred, Lister Hundred, Medelstad Hundred.

Language

In Blekinge two main dialects exist. The dividing line between them has historically been the Mörrumsån, near the historical site of Elleholm. West of this divide, the dialect was historically closely related to Danish and eastern Scanian, which is most likely an effect of the former administrative links to Scania. East of this divide, the dialect has more in common with Småland dialects. Today, this divide is not as significant as before, with the exception of Listerlandet with its special language. The eastern dialect of Danish can also be found on the Danish island of Bornholm.

The variety is called Blekingska but should rather be divided into Western Blekingska (or Västblekingska) and Eastern Blekingska (or Östblekingska).

Sports

Football in the province is administered by Blekinge Fotbollförbund.

See also

References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^

External links

  • Blekinge - Official tourist site


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.