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Brigitte Zypries

Brigitte Zypries
Parliamentary State Secretary at the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy
Assumed office
Member of the Bundestag
Assumed office
Federal Minister of Justice
In office
22 October 2002 – 27 October 2009
Preceded by Herta Däubler-Gmelin
Succeeded by Sabine Leutheusser-Schnarrenberger
Personal details
Born (1953-11-16) 16 November 1953
Kassel, Germany
Nationality German
Political party Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD)
Alma mater University of Giessen

Brigitte Zypries (born 16 November 1953) is a German politician. Since 2013, she has been serving as Parliamentary State Secretary at the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy, where she coordinates Germany's aviation and space policies. Previously, she was Federal Minister of Justice of Germany from 2002 to 2009 and State Secretary at the Federal Ministry of the Interior from 1998 to 2002. She is member of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD).


  • Early life and education 1
  • Career 2
    • Early career 2.1
    • State Secretary at the Federal Ministry of the Interior, 1998-2002 2.2
    • Federal Minister of Justice, 2002 – 2009 2.3
    • Member of Parliament, 2009 – present 2.4
  • Other activities 3
  • Political positions 4
  • Controversies 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Early life and education

Zypries studied law at the University of Giessen from 1972 to 1977, and took her first legal state exam in 1978. Then followed in-service training in the regional court district of Gießen, and in 1980 the second state exam. Until 1985 she worked at the University of Giessen.


Early career

  • 1985–1988: Assistant Head of Division at State Chancellery of Hesse
  • 1988–1990: Member of academic staff at the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany
  • 1991: Head of Division of the State Chancellery of Lower Saxony
  • 1995–1997: Head of Department of the State Chancellery of Lower Saxony
  • to 1998: Active in the Ministry for Women, Labour and Social Affairs of Lower Saxony

State Secretary at the Federal Ministry of the Interior, 1998-2002

Following the 1998 federal elections, in the first cabinet of Chancellor Gerhard Schröder, Zypries became State Secretary in the Federal Ministry of the Interior under Otto Schily. From September 1999, she chaired the State Secretary Committee for the management of the Federal Government program "Modern State — Modern Administration".

Federal Minister of Justice, 2002 – 2009

Following the 2002 federal elections, Zypries became Federal Minister of Justice in the second cabinet of Chancellor Gerhard Schröder, succeeding Herta Däubler-Gmelin. Between 2007 and 2009, she was also one of 32 members of the Second Commission on the modernization of the federal state (Föderalismuskommission II), which had been established to reform the division of powers between federal and state authorities in Germany.

In 2003, Zypries represented the German government before the

External links

  1. ^ Top German Court Hears a Challenge To Eavesdropping New York Times, July 2, 2003.
  2. ^ German Papers: Germany Released al-Qaida Terror Suspect Spiegel Online, July 19, 2005.
  3. ^ German Papers: Germany Released al-Qaida Terror Suspect Spiegel Online, July 19, 2005.
  4. ^ Judy Dempsey (August 26, 2009), In Dull German Race, ’08 Dinner Is an Issue New York Times.
  5. ^ Taking on the Internet Giants: Germany Applies Brakes to Google & Co. Spiegel Online, March 11, 2010.
  6. ^ Timot Szent-Ivanyi (October 25, 2005), Gutverdiener sollen höhere Kassenbeiträge zahlen Berliner Zeitung.
  7. ^ Matthias Gebauer and John Goetz (December 9, 2010), The CIA's El-Masri Abduction: Cables Show Germany Caved to Pressure from Washington Der Spiegel.
  8. ^ Bilateral agreements reached at first Israeli-German intergovernmental consultations Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, press release of March 17, 2008.
  9. ^ Rachel Donadio (February 27, 2009), Vatican Calls the Apology of a Bishop Insufficient New York Times.
  10. ^ Digital Library Controversy: Google Gives Ground at EU Hearing Spiegel Online, September 8, 2009.
  11. ^ Circle of Friends Das Progressive Zentrum.
  12. ^ Alex Barker, Jeevan Vasagar and Michael Stothard (November 27, 2014), Euro-MPs eye action to break up Google Financial Times.
  13. ^ David Stout (April 19, 2006), Germany Agrees to Open Holocaust Archive New York Times.
  14. ^ "'"Madeleine paedophile gang theory 'is likely.  
  15. ^ Judy Dempsey (September 23, 2007), Despite censure from Beijing, Merkel meets with Dalai Lama in Berlin New York Times.
  16. ^ Judy Dempsey (September 23, 2007), Despite censure from Beijing, Merkel meets with Dalai Lama in Berlin New York Times.


In response to a 2007 meeting between chancellor Angela Merkel and the Dalai Lama, China canceled a high-level meeting on the protection of intellectual property rights of Chinese legal experts and Zypries in retaliation. A statement from the German Justice Ministry later said the meeting was called off "for technical reasons."[15] The opposition Green Party, which was in coalition with then-Chancellor Gerhard Schröder's Social Democrats from 1998 to 2005, also praised Merkel's stance.[16]

On 3 June 2007, Zypries caused some controversy by saying at a meeting of G8 justice ministers in Munich that it should be assumed that missing British child Madeleine McCann was abducted by a gang that passes on children to be abused.[14]

Ending a nasty diplomatic dispute between the United States and Germany, Zypries announced at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2006 that the German government was dropping its decades-long resistance to opening the archives kept at the International Tracing Service in the town of Bad Arolsen.[13]


Zypries is considered a proponent of regulating more tightly access to internet platforms such as Google, Facebook, and Apple Inc.’s iTunes. A joint letter to the European Commission in November 2014, signed by Zypries and her French counterpart Axelle Lemaire on behalf of the German and French governments, suggested “essential” digital platforms should potentially be brought under existing rules for telecoms markets, a standalone regulation or specially tailored antitrust rules.[12]

Political positions

Other activities

Ahead of the 2013 elections, Peer Steinbrück included Zypries in his shadow cabinet for the Social Democrats’ campaign to unseat incumbent Angela Merkel as chancellor. During the campaign, Zypries served as shadow minister for consumer protection.

Between 2009 and 2013, Zypries served on the German Bundestag’s Committee on the Election of Judges (Wahlausschuss), which is in charge of appointing judges to the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany. From 2009, she was also a member of the parliamentary body in charge of appointing judges to the Highest Courts of Justice, namely the Federal Court of Justice (BGH), the Federal Administrative Court (BVerwG), the Federal Fiscal Court (BFH), the Federal Labour Court (BAG), and the Federal Social Court (BSG).

Member of Parliament, 2009 – present

In 2009, Zypries led the resistance to the Google Books Library Project in Germany. In the daily Stuttgarter Nachrichten, she accused Google of behaving in a "simply unlawful" way.[10]

In the case of Richard Williamson in 2009, Zypries said that the German government was willing to press charges against the bishop if he did not clearly retract his comments.[9]

On the occasion of the sixtieth anniversary of the founding of the State of Israel, Zypries participated in the first joint cabinet meeting of the governments of Germany and Israel in Jerusalem in March 2008.[8]

After German prosecutors had issued arrest warrants in 2007 for 13 suspected CIA operatives believed to have been involved in the abduction of Khaled el-Masri in Macedonia in late 2003 as well as in his being taken via Baghdad to a secret CIA prison in Afghanistan in January 2004, Zypries soon decided not to further pursue the CIA agents. Though their names were still on an Interpol wanted persons list, the United States stated that it would not recognize its validity. Zypries explained that the US government had made clear to her that it would neither arrest nor hand over the agents. In the end, she concluded that, given the slim chances of success, it made no sense to even try to get them extradited.[7]

In the negotiations to form a government following the 2005 federal elections, Zypries led the SPD's delegations in the working groups on justice, consumer protection, and internal affairs; her co-chairs from the CDU/CSU were Wolfgang Bosbach, Horst Seehofer and Wolfgang Schäuble, respectively.[6]

In 2005, the German government suffered a major setback in its efforts to combat terrorism after the Federal Constitutional Court ruled that the country’s implementation of the European Arrest Warrant was unconstitutional. The court said the EU idea was compatible with Germany's constitution, but that the law drafted by Zypries was sloppily written and did not go far enough in framing the leeway offered to prosecutors by the European Arrest Warrant.[2] Just hours after the ruling, German police released terrorism suspect Mamoun Darkazanli, who had been held awaiting extradition to Spain where he is believed to have been linked to al-Qaida activities.[3] When German economics minister Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg decided to outsource the drafting of new bankruptcy legislation in 2009, Zypries criticized that Guttenberg wasted taxpayers’ money and that it was the responsibility of her ministry, not his, to oversee the preparation of the legislation.[4] In 2010, the Constitutional Court ruled that a law requiring telecommunications companies to retain data from telephone, email and Internet traffic is unconstitutional; the law had been introduced by Zypries as implementation of an EU guideline.[5]


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