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Brown Eared-Pheasant

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Title: Brown Eared-Pheasant  
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Language: English
Subject: Mongolian-Manchurian grassland, List of birds of Mongolia, List of birds of China
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Brown Eared-Pheasant

Brown Eared Pheasant
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Subfamily: Phasianinae
Genus: Crossoptilon
Species: C. mantchuricum
Binomial name
Crossoptilon mantchuricum
Swinhoe, 1863

The Brown Eared Pheasant, Crossoptilon mantchuricum is a large, 96-100 cm long, dark brown pheasant endemic to the mountain forests of northern China. It has stiff white ear coverts behind the eyes, which look like a moustache. The crown is black with red bare facial skin and its tail of twenty-two elongated white feathers is curved, loose and dark-tipped. Both sexes are similar in plumage.

The rarest member in the genus Crossoptilon, its diet consists mainly of roots, bulbs and plant matters. The female lays five to eight large eggs. The eggs are pale stone green in color and take 28 days to hatch.

Due to isolated population, deforestation and still hunted although legally protected by China, the Brown Eared Pheasant is evaluated as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It is listed on Appendix I of CITES.

See also

  • List of endangered and protected species of China


  • BirdLife International (2004). Crossoptilon mantchuricum. 2006. Retrieved on 11 May 2006. Database entry includes a range map and justification for why this species is vulnerable

External links

  • BirdLife Species Factsheet
  • IUCN Red List
  • Red Data Book
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