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Buddhism in the Philippines

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Title: Buddhism in the Philippines  
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Subject: Religion in the Philippines, Indonesian Esoteric Buddhism, Buddhism in Malaysia, Buddhism in Sri Lanka, Chidatsu
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Buddhism in the Philippines

The Main Altar of a Buddhist Temple in Masangkay Street, Tondo, Manila.

Buddhism is a minor religion in the Philippines.


Manjusri with hair in a bun, travels upon his lion in Journey to the West, Tabon Caves, discovered in 2013

Loanwords with Buddhist context appear in languages of the Philippines.[1] [2] Archaeological finds include Buddhist artifacts.[3][4] The style are of Vajrayana influence.[5][6]

Shingon Buddhist Service at the Heiwa Kannon Shrine in Clark Field, Pampanga, October 2003

Estimates of the Buddhist population of the Philippines is around 2%.[7][8][9] Several schools of Buddhism are present in the Philippines. There are Soka Gakkai International.[10] The Maha Bodhi Society's Zen circle was founded in October 1998.[11]


  1. ^ Virgilio S. Almario, UP Diksunaryong Filipino
  2. ^
  3. ^ Jesus Peralta, "Prehistoric Gold Ornaments CB Philippines," Arts of Asia, 1981, 4:54-60
  4. ^ Art Exhibit: Philippines' 'Gold of Ancestors' in Newsweek.
  5. ^ Laszlo Legeza, "Tantric Elements in Pre-Hispanic Gold Art," Arts of Asia, 1988, 4:129-133.
  6. ^ Camperspoint: History of Palawan. Accessed 27 August 2008.
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ PEW Forum
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^ The Dharma Wheel, 1:1, 1998 Philippines Centennial Issue


  • Almario, Virgilio S. ed., : UP Diksiyonaryong Filipino. Pasig City: 2001.
  • Concepcion, Samnak P.J., Quest of Zen: Awakening the Wisdom Heart. Bloomington, IN: Xlibris, 2010. ISBN 978-1-4535-6367-0
  • Legeza, Laszlo, "Tantric Elements in Pre-Hispanic Philippines Gold Art," Arts of Asia, July–August 1988, pp. 129–136.
  • Munoz, Paul Michel, Early Kingdoms of the Indonesian Archipelago and Malay Peninsula. Singapore: Editions Didier Millet: 2006. ISBN 981-4155-67-5
  • Peralta, Jesus, "Prehistoric Gold Ornaments CB Philippines," Arts of Asia, 1981, 4:54–60.
  • Religious Demographic Profile, The PEW Forum on Religion and Public Life. Retrieved 2008.
  • Scott, William Henry, Prehispanic Source Material for the Study of Philippine History. Quezon City: New Day Publishers, 1984. ISBN 971-10-0226-4
  • Thomas, Edward J., The Life of the Buddha: As Legend and History. India: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers, 2003.
  • Philippine Insight Meditation Community

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