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Bumthang language

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Title: Bumthang language  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Languages of Bhutan, East Bodish languages, Nupbi language, Kheng language, 'Ole language
Collection: East Bodish Languages, Languages of Bhutan, Languages Written in Tibetan Script
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Bumthang language

Region Bhutan
Native speakers
20,000  (2011)[1]
Tibetan alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3 kjz
Glottolog bumt1240[2]

The Bumthang language (Dzongkha: བུམ་ཐང་ཁ་, Wylie: bum thang kha); also called "Bhumtam", "Bumtang(kha)", "Bumtanp", "Bumthapkha", and "Kebumtamp") is an East Bodish language spoken by about 36,500 people in Bumthang and surrounding districts of Bhutan.[3][4] Van Driem (1993) describes Bumthang as the dominant language of central Bhutan.[4]


  • Related languages 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Related languages

Historically, Bumthang and its speakers have had close contact with speakers of the Kurtöp, Nupbi and Kheng languages, nearby East Bodish languages of central and eastern Bhutan, to the extent that they may be considered part of a wider collection of "Bumthang languages."[5][6][7]

Bumthang language is largely lexically similar with Kheng (92%), Nyen (75%–77%), and Kurtöp (70%–73%); but less so with Dzongkha (47%–52%) and Tshangla (40%–50%, also called "Sharchop").[3] It is either closely related to or identical with the Tawang language of the Monpa people of Tawang in India and China.[3]

See also


  1. ^ Bumthang at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Bumthangkha". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ a b c "Bumthangkha".  
  4. ^ a b  
  5. ^ Schicklgruber, Christian (1998). Françoise Pommaret-Imaeda, ed. Bhutan: Mountain Fortress of the Gods. Shambhala. pp. 50, 53. 
  6. ^  
  7. ^  

External links

  • Himalayan Languages Project
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