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Cambodian honours system

Cambodian honors system consists of a number of orders, decorations, and medals through which the country's sovereign awards its citizens for actions or deeds that benefit the nation. The modern system was established under Colonial French Rule and continued with modification after independence until the fall of the Khmer Republic on 17 April 1975. The current system was reinstated on 5 October 1995 by the Decree for the Establishment and Use of Decorations of Honor of the Kingdom of Cambodia No. 1095/01. The system includes an array of awards, both civil and military, for gallantry, bravery, distinguished service, meritorious service, and long service. Various campaign and commemorative medals have also been struck.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Nominating for awards 2
  • Categories of honors and awards 3
    • Awards for National and Motherland Defense 3.1
    • Royal Household Awards 3.2
    • Medals of National Defense 3.3
    • Multi-Category 3.4
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

The Cambodian honors system is based on European/French models. Many of the honors are orders of chivalry granted by royal decree or sub-decree. This system was established under Colonial French Rule and continued with modification after independence until the fall of the Khmer Republic on 17 April 1975. The current system was reinstated on 5 October 1995 by the Decree for the Establishment and Use of Decorations of Honor of the Kingdom of Cambodia No. 1095/01. Many of the modern awards have origins from Cambodia's period as a French colony or under the Kingdom of Cambodia under the rule of King Norodom Sihanouk.

Nominating for awards

Under the current system, candidates are nominated by government ministries through a Decoration of Honor Candidate Qualification Review Committee.[1] These committees refer nominations, with justification, to the Council of Ministers for a decision.

Categories of honors and awards

As established by Royal Decree, the hierarchy of decorations of honors are:[2]

Awards for National and Motherland Defense

Royal Household Awards

  • Royal Order of the Crown
  • Medals of the Reign
  • Anussara Medal of Royal Remembrance

Medals of National Defense

  • Sens Jayaseddh Medal
  • National Defense Medal

Multi-Category

  • Royal Order of H.M. The Queen Preah Kossomak Nearireath
  • Royal Order of Sahametrei
  • Royal Order of Sowathara
  • Royal Order of Monisaraphon
  • Medal of Labor
  • Decoration of National Construction
  • Khemara Kelarith (Sporting Merit) Medal
  • Satrei Vathana (Feminine Merit) Medal

See also

References

  1. ^
  2. ^

External links

  • Indochina Medals, Cambodia
  • Orders and Medals Society of America, Cambodia
  • Decorations Cambodge
  • Medals Medals of the World, Cambodia
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