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Caserta

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Title: Caserta  
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Caserta

Caserta
Comune
Palace of Caserta
Caserta is located in Italy
Caserta
Location of Caserta in Italy
Coordinates:
Country Italy
Region Campania
Province Caserta (CE)
Frazioni Aldifreda, Briano, Casertavecchia, Casola, Casolla, Centurano, Ercole, Falciano, Garzano, Mezzano, Piedimonte di Casolla, Pozzovetere, Puccianiello, Sala di Caserta, San Benedetto, San Clemente, San Leucio, Santa Barbara, Staturano, Tredici, Tuoro, Vaccheria
Government
 • Mayor Prefect Maria Grazia Nicolò (Prefectorial Commissioner)
Area
 • Total 54,07 km2 (2,088 sq mi)
Elevation 68 m (223 ft)
Population (March 31, 2015)
 • Total 76 693
Demonym(s) Casertani
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 81100 (Caserta), 81020 (Caserta Vecchia, Casola di Caserta)
Dialing code 0823
Patron saint St. Sebastian and St. Anne
Saint day January 21 and July 26
Website Official website

Caserta     is the capital of the province of Caserta in the Campania region of Italy. It is an important agricultural, commercial and industrial comune and city. Caserta is located on the edge of the Campanian plain at the foot of the Campanian Subapennine mountain range. The city is best known for the Palace of Caserta.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Frazioni 2.1
  • Main sights 3
  • Squares 4
  • Gallery 5
  • Transport 6
  • Twin towns — Sister cities 7
  • Famous people 8
  • See also 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

History

Modern Caserta was established around the defensive tower built in Lombard times by Pando, Prince of Capua. Pando destroyed the original city around 863. The tower is now part of the Palazzo della Prefettura which was once the seat of the counts of Caserta, as well as a royal residence. The original population moved from Casertavecchia (former bishopric seat) to the current site in the 16th century.

The city and vicinity were the property of the Acquaviva family who, being pressed by huge debts, sold all the land to the royal family. The royal family then selected Caserta for the construction of their new palace which, being inland, was seen as more defensible than the previous palace fronting the Bay of Naples.

At the end of World War II, the royal palace served as the seat of the Supreme Allied Commander. The first Allied war trial took place here in 1945; German general Anton Dostler was sentenced to death and executed nearby, in Aversa.[1]

Pope Francis visited Caserta on Monday, 28 June 2014, together with a friend named Giovanni Traettino who pastors an evangelical, charismatic/Pentecostal Protestant church. The Pope apologized for the complicity of some Catholics in the persecution of Protestant Pentecostals during the fascist regime in Italy.[2]

Geography

Caserta is located 40 kilometres (25 mi) north of Naples. Its municipality borders with Capua, Casagiove, Casapulla, Castel Morrone, Curti, Limatola (BN), Maddaloni, Marcianise, Recale, San Felice a Cancello, San Marco Evangelista, San Nicola la Strada, San Prisco, Sant'Agata de' Goti (BN), Santa Maria Capua Vetere and Valle di Maddaloni.

Frazioni

  • Casertavecchia is the ancient centre of the comune and former bishopric seat.
  • San Leucio resort, seat of famous Royal silk workshops, also included in the World Heritage List.
  • Vaccheria, which housed the stable of the Royal cattle.
  • Falciano is a former bishop seat; it includes a 16th-century palace.
  • Piedimonte di Casolla has an ancient Benedictine abbey, built over a Roman temple dedicated to Diana.
  • Other "Frazioni": Aldifreda, Briano, Casola, Casolla, Centurano, Ercole, Garzano, Mezzano, Pozzovetere, Puccianiello, Sala di Caserta, San Benedetto, San Clemente, Santa Barbara, Staturano, Tredici, Tuoro.

Main sights

Squares

  • Market Square: Matteotti Square is one of oldest squares of the city, it is called by Casertani "Piazza Mercato" (Market Square) because there is the daily market in a structure inaugurated in 2008.
  • Vanvitelli Square: it is the main square of the city. There was once a Palazzo Castropignano, replaced by a modern palace in the early 1960s, seat of the municipality of Caserta, Palazzo Acquaviva, where there are offices of Questura and Prefettura of the Province of Caserta, banks, shops, hotels, bars. It is a big green square. At the center of it there is a statue of Luigi Vanvitelli, the architect who designed the Royal Palace of Caserta.

Gallery

Transport

Caserta railway station is a hub for regional and national traffic, and represents an important interchange linking Rome and Naples to Bari. Nearest airport is Naples-Capodichino, located about 30 kilometres (19 mi) south.

Caserta is the starting point of the A30 motorway to Salerno and is served by two exits of A1 motorway: Caserta Nord (Caserta North, near Casagiove and Casapulla) and Caserta Sud (Caserta South, near Marcianise and San Marco Evangelista).

Twin towns — Sister cities

Caserta is twinned with:

Famous people

Caserta was the birthplace of the Italian writer Maria Valtorta, as well as the air power theorist Giulio Douhet.

Fictional character Jennifer Melfi of The Sopranos said her family was from Caserta. Techno DJ/Producer, Joseph Capriati, is also from Caserta.

The great English cricketer Hedley Verity is buried there, having died in a Caserta hospital on 31 July 1943 of wounds sustained in the WWII Allied invasion of Sicily.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ Anthony Cave Brown (1984). The last hero: Wild Bill Donovan. Vintage Books. 
  2. ^ Fournier K. A. Spiritual Ecumenism: Pope Francis Visits Evangelical/Pentecostal Church in Caserta Italy at Catholic Online. Accessed 26 October 2014
  3. ^ Caserta War Cemetery at Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Accessed 26 October 2014

External links

  • Città di Caserta Official website (Italian language)
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