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Title: Casteau  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe, Mons, Able Archer 83, Federal Police (Belgium), Chièvres Air Base
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Casteau is a village of Belgium in the French-speaking region. With the others villages Chaussée-Notre-Dame-Louvignies, Horrues, Naast, Neufvilles, Soignies (town), and Thieusies, they compose the municipality of Soignies.

Casteau, old village under the snow. – Picture: Jean-Pol Grandmont.

The village is located between the towns of Mons and Soignies on the road Mons-Brussel. The river Aubrecheuil flows through the village. In the past, there were some watermills along the river.

  • Postal code : 7061
  • Province : Hainaut
  • District : Soignies
  • Gentilic : Castellois(e)
  • Elevation: 63 to 115 m (207 to 377 ft)
  • Area: 11,11 km² (4,3 square miles)
  • Time zone: UTC+1


The name Casteau comes from the Latin word castellum, meaning Castle.


Casteau, the old watermill. – Picture: Jean-Pol Grandmont.

Casteau was already known in neolithic times. A Roman cemetery from the times of Marcus Aurelius has been discovered.

  • 1825: A part of the western plain became a military camp for Holland's army until the revolution of Belgium in 1830.
  • 1914: August 22nd, Captain Hornby was reputed to have become the first British soldier to kill a German soldier using his sword, and Drummer Edward Thomas of C squadron, Royal Dragoon Guards was the first British soldier to fire a shot in the first skirmish between British and German troops of WW1.
  • 1940: German troops occupied the barracks until 1944.
  • 1977: Casteau was merged with other villages to make the municipality of Soignies.


The valley of the river Obrecheuil is in the east of the village. This part of the valley is part of Natura 2000. The heart of the village is in the northwest higher part of the valley. The northwestern part of the village is a plain with dispersed houses and farms with typical hedges. The village is the border between the valley of the river The Haine (Elevation from 20 to 30m) and the plateau of Hainaut (elevation from 80 to 150 m).

Around the village, there are several woods (comprising oaks, beeches, chestnuts, and poplars), fields (comprising potatoes, sugar beets, corn, and wheat), and prairies (for cows and horses). The ground is made of sands and silts.

Local speciality and collection

  • Brewery and artisanal cheese called l'Augrenoise.
  • Bus collection

External links

  • Official website (in French)
  • Website of the brewery Augrenoise (in French)
  • Website of bus collection (in French)

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