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Title: Chahars  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Khalkha Mongols, Barlas, Mongols, History of Mongolia, Sartuul
Collection: Mongol Peoples
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Chahar Mongols
Location of the Chahars.
Regions with significant populations
 China 299,000 (1987)[1]
Chakhar dialect of Mongolian
Tibetan Buddhism
Related ethnic groups
Mongols, Mongols in China, Bortala Mongols and Dariganga Mongols

The Chahars (Khalkha Mongolian: Цахар, Tsahar) are a subgroup of the Mongol people that speak the Chahar dialect of the Mongolian language and predominantly live in southeastern Inner Mongolia of China.

The Chahars were originally one of estates of Kublai Khan located around Jingzhao (now Xi'an). They moved from Shaanxi to southeastern region controlled by the Northern Yuan dynasty based in Mongolia in the 15th century. The Chahar became a tumen of six tumen Mongols under Dayan Khan and were led by his successors, thus becoming personal appanage of the Mongolian Khans.

Oppressed by Torguud of the region.

When Outer Mongolia declared its independence from the Qing in 1911, 100 households under former vice-governor Sumya fled from Xinjiang via the Russian border to Mongolia. They were resettled by the Khalkha in the west of Kyakhta. Sumiya and his Tsahars contributed to the revolution of 1921. They are known as the Selenge's Tsahar since settled in Selenge.

Many of the Chinese troops during the occupation of Mongolia in 1919 were Tsahar (Chahar) Mongols Inner Mongolia, which has been a major cause for animosity between Outer Mongols (Khalkhas) and Inner Mongols.[2]

See also


  1. ^ information
  2. ^ Bulag, Uradyn Erden (1998). Nationalism and Hybridity in Mongolia (illustrated ed.). Clarendon Press. p. 139.  
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