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Charlotte, Princess Royal

Princess Charlotte of United Kingdom
Princess Royal
Queen consort of Württemberg
Tenure 1 January 1806 – 30 October 1816
Born (1766-09-29)29 September 1766
Buckingham Palace, London, England
Died 5 October 1828(1828-10-05) (aged 62)
Schloss Ludwigsburg, Ludwigsburg, Germany
Burial Schlosskirche Ludwigsburg, Ludwigsburg, Germany
Spouse Frederick of Württemberg
Full name
Charlotte Augusta Matilda
House House of Hanover (by birth)
House of Württemberg (by marriage)
Father George III of the United Kingdom
Mother Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

Charlotte, Princess Royal (Charlotte Augusta Matilda; 29 September 1766 – 5 October 1828), was King George III of the United Kingdom.


  • Early life 1
  • Marriage 2
  • Württemberg 3
  • Dowager Queen 4
  • Titles, styles, honours and arms 5
    • Titles and styles 5.1
    • Arms 5.2
  • Ancestors 6
  • References 7

Early life

The infant Charlotte, Princess Royal, in 1767 with her mother, Queen Charlotte

Princess Charlotte was born on 29 September 1766 at Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. She was christened on 27 October 1766 at St James's Palace, by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Secker, and her godparents were her paternal uncle and aunt, King Christian VII of Denmark and his wife, Caroline Matilda of Great Britain (for whom the Duke of Portland, Lord Chamberlain, and the Dowager Countess of Effingham, stood proxy, respectively) and her paternal aunt, Princess Louisa.[1]

Charlotte was officially designated as St. James' Palace. Charlotte was dressed in a Roman toga and lay on a sofa. Though this type of thing was common in German courts, it was considered vulgar in England, where in reaction a London mob drove a hearse into the Palace courtyard. Afterward, the Prince of Wales told Lady Mary Coke that the whole event had made Charlotte "terribly tired." Wisely, the King and Queen decided to never repeat the experience.

The Princess Royal in 1769. Miniature by Ozias Humphry, Windsor Castle.

Though she was the eldest daughter, Charlotte was constantly compared to her sister

Charlotte, Princess Royal
Cadet branch of the House of Welf
Born: 29 September 1766 Died: 5 October 1828
British royalty
Title last held by
Princess Royal
Title next held by
German royalty
New title Queen consort of Württemberg
Succeeded by
Catherine Pavlovna of Russia
  1. ^ Yvonne's Royalty Home Page: Royal Christenings
  2. ^ Fraser, Flora (2005). Princesses: the six daughters of George III (1st American ed.). New York: Knopf. p. .  
  3. ^ Charlotte Louise Henrietta Papendiek (1887). Court and Private Life in the Time of Queen Charlotte: Being the Journals of Charlotte Louise Henrietta Papendiek. London: R. Bentley & Son. p. 69.   Available online from the Internet Archive.
  4. ^ The London Gazette 23 May 1797
  5. ^ Marks of Cadency in the British Royal Family



As a daughter of the sovereign, Charlotte had use of the arms of the kingdom, differenced by a label argent of three points, the centre point bearing a rose gules, the outer points each bearing a cross gules.[5]


  • 29 September 1766 – 22 June 1789: Her Royal Highness The Princess Charlotte
  • 22 June 1789 – 18 May 1797: Her Royal Highness The Princess Royal
    • In use practically from birth October 1766
  • 18 May 1797 – 22 December 1797: Her Royal Highness The Hereditary Princess of Württemberg[4]
  • 22 December 1797 – 25 February 1803: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Württemberg
  • 25 February 1803 – 1 January 1806: Her Royal Highness The Electress of Württemberg
  • 1 January 1806 – 30 October 1816: Her Majesty The Queen of Württemberg
  • 30 October 1816 – 5 October 1828: Her Majesty The Queen Dowager of Württemberg

Titles and styles

The coat of arms of Princess Charlotte

Titles, styles, honours and arms

The Dowager Queen of Württemberg continued to live at the Ludwigsburg Palace, Stuttgart and received visits from her younger siblings, the Duke of Kent, the Duke of Sussex, the Duke of Cambridge, the Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg, and Princess Augusta Sophia. She was a godmother (by proxy) at the christening of her niece, Princess Victoria of Kent (the future Queen Victoria), in 1819. In 1827, she returned to Britain for the first time since her wedding in 1797 in order to have surgery for dropsy. She died at Ludwigsburg Palace the following year and is buried there in the royal vault.

Dowager Queen

In 1800, the French army occupied Württemberg and the Duke and Duchess fled to Congress of Vienna and was confirmed as king. He died in October 1816.


The younger Frederick succeeded his father as the reigning Duke of Württemberg on 22 December 1797. Duke Frederick II had two sons and two daughters by his first marriage to the late George IV (then Prince of Wales). The marriage between Duke Frederick and the Princess Royal produced one child: a stillborn daughter on 27 April 1798.

On 18 May 1797, the Princess Royal was married at the Chapel Royal, St. James's Palace, London to The Hereditary Prince Frederick of Württemberg, the eldest son and heir apparent of Duke Frederick II Eugene of Württemberg and his wife, Margravine Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt.

Wax portrait relief by Peter Rouw c.1795 of Charlotte Augusta Matilda, Princess Royal, National Portrait Gallery, London, NPG 2174


Like her siblings, the Princess Royal was educated by tutors and spent most her childhood at Buckingham Palace, Kew Palace, and Windsor Castle, where her wet nurse was Frances wife of James Muttlebury.[3]


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