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Chieti

Chieti
Comune
Città di Chieti

Panorama of Chieti

Coat of arms
Chieti
Chieti
Location of Chieti in Italy

Coordinates: 42°21′N 14°10′E / 42.350°N 14.167°E / 42.350; 14.167

Country Italy
Region Abruzzo
Province Chieti (CH)
Frazioni Bascelli, Brecciarola, Buonconsiglio-Fontanella, Carabba, Cerratina, Chieti Scalo, Colle dell'ara, Colle Marcone, Crocifisso, De Laurentis Vallelunga, Filippone, Fonte Cruciani, Iachini, La Torre, Madonna del Freddo, Madonna della Vittoria, Madonna delle Piane, San Martino, San Salvatore, Santa Filomena, Selvaiezzi, Tricalle, Vacrone Cascini, Vacrone Colle San Paolo, Vacrone Villa Cisterna, Vallepara, Villa Obletter, Villa Reale
Government
 • Mayor Umberto Di Primio
Area
 • Total 58.55 km2 (22.61 sq mi)
Elevation 330 m (1,080 ft)
Population (November 2012)[1]
 • Total 51,340
 • Density 880/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Demonym Teatini
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 66100
Dialing code 0871
Patron saint St. Justin of Chieti
Saint day May 11
Website

Chieti (Italian: [ˈkjeːti]; Greek: Θεάτη; Latin: Theate, Teate) is a city and comune in Central Italy, 200 kilometres (124 miles) northeast of Rome. It is the capital of the province of Chieti in the Abruzzo region. Chieti lies on a crest along the Pescara River a few kilometres away from the Adriatic Sea, and with the Maiella and Gran Sasso mountains in the background.

History

Chieti is amongst the most ancient of Italian cities. According to mythological legends, the city was founded in 1181 B.C. by the Homeric Greek hero Achilles and was named in honor of his mother, Thetis and thus called Theate (Greek: Θεάτη) (or Teate in Latin). As Theate Marrucinorum, Chieti was the chief town of the warlike Marrucini. According to Strabo, it was founded by the Arcadians as Thegeate (Θηγεάτη).

After their defeat against the Romans, the Marrucini became their loyal allies and later their territory was placed under Roman municipal jurisdiction after the Social War. In imperial times Chieti reached up to 60,000 inhabitants but, after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, it was destroyed by Visigoths and Heruli. Later it was seat of a gastaldate under the Lombard kings. After its destruction by Peppin, it became a fief of the Duchy of Benevento.

Chieti recovered some political and economic importance under the Norman rule of Southern Italy, a role it kept also under the Hohenstaufen, Angevine and Aragonese rules. After a cultural and architectonic flourishing during the 17th century, under the aegis of the Counter-Reformation, Chieti was again shattered by plague in 1656. In the 18th century it received several new academies and schools which further increased the city's artistic heritage. In 1806 Chieti was turned into a fortress by Napoleon's France. It became part of the newly created Kingdom of Italy in 1860.

During World War II, Chieti was declared an open city (like Rome) and was not bombed. The city at this time welcomed many refugees from the near towns and villages. Allied forces liberated the city on June 9, 1944, one day after the Germans left the city.

Main sights

  • The Gothic Cathedral, re-built by bishop Attone I in 1069. Of that building only parts of the Romanesque crypt remain. The church was remade in the 14th century when also the bell tower was enlarged. After several earthquakes, the church was rebuilt again in the late 17th-18th centuries in Baroque style.
  • Oratory of Sacro Monte dei Morti
  • Church of San Francesco al Corso, founded in 1239. The façade shows an incomplete Baroque restoration.
  • Church of Santa Chiara.

Under the church of SS. Pietro e Paolo and the adjoining houses are extensive substructures (in opus reticulatum and brickwork) of the 1st century CE, belonging to a building erected by M. Vectius Marcellus[2] and Helvidia Priscilla. There are also remains of large reservoirs and of an ancient theatre. New excavations are currently under way on the site of the former Campo Sportivo.

Museums

  • National Archaeological Museum of the Abruzzi "Villa Frigerii" - The rooms of the museum are dedicated to: Burial cults in pre-Roman Abruzzo / Italic sculpture / The Capestrano Warrior / The Pansa collection / The Sanctuary of Hercules Curinus at Sulmona / The Numismatic collection / Roman Iconography in Abruzzo.
  • Art Museum "Costantino Barbella"
  • Biomedical Science Museum (Paleopathology and Bioarchaeology)
  • Archaeological Museum "La Civitella"
  • Diocesan Theatine Museum
  • Art Museum "Palazzo de Mayo"

Education

The University of Chieti (Università G. d'Annunzio - Chieti e Pescara) is based in Chieti and Pescara and hosts about 35,000 students, covering areas of Architecture, Arts and Philosophy, Economics, Foreign Languages and Literatures, Management, Medicine, Pharmacy, Psychology, Sciences, Social Sciences and Sports Medicine.

Climate

Climate data for Chieti, at the University
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.7
(65.7)
25.2
(77.4)
27.8
(82)
29.3
(84.7)
35.1
(95.2)
37.5
(99.5)
39.3
(102.7)
41.7
(107.1)
37.9
(100.2)
28.9
(84)
27.6
(81.7)
24.8
(76.6)
41.7
(107.1)
Average high °C (°F) 11.1
(52)
11.3
(52.3)
15.7
(60.3)
19.6
(67.3)
23.9
(75)
28.4
(83.1)
31.6
(88.9)
31.8
(89.2)
27.1
(80.8)
20.9
(69.6)
16.8
(62.2)
12.6
(54.7)
20.9
(69.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.3
(45.1)
7.2
(45)
11.2
(52.2)
14.8
(58.6)
18.7
(65.7)
22.9
(73.2)
26.0
(78.8)
25.8
(78.4)
21.9
(71.4)
16.4
(61.5)
12.7
(54.9)
8.8
(47.8)
16.1
(61)
Average low °C (°F) 3.6
(38.5)
3.2
(37.8)
6.7
(44.1)
10.0
(50)
13.6
(56.5)
17.5
(63.5)
20.3
(68.5)
19.8
(67.6)
16.7
(62.1)
12.0
(53.6)
8.7
(47.7)
5.0
(41)
11.4
(52.5)
Record low °C (°F) −1.5
(29.3)
−3.9
(25)
−2.7
(27.1)
0.9
(33.6)
6.3
(43.3)
9.3
(48.7)
13.4
(56.1)
11.5
(52.7)
7.9
(46.2)
3.1
(37.6)
0.6
(33.1)
−5.3
(22.5)
−5.3
(22.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 50.1
(1.972)
45.0
(1.772)
51.0
(2.008)
49.9
(1.965)
47.6
(1.874)
43.9
(1.728)
51.8
(2.039)
12.6
(0.496)
76.7
(3.02)
59.4
(2.339)
53.2
(2.094)
44.6
(1.756)
585.8
(23.063)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 8.2 9.0 7.8 7.2 7.6 4.4 3.6 2.8 6.2 7.6 6.7 8.5 79.6
 % humidity 78.2 73.0 69.9 70.1 65.6 64.1 59.5 61.6 69.2 78.5 79.8 71.7 70.1
Source: Chieti Meteo[3]

Famous people

See also

Italy portal
  • Chieti railway station
  • Trolleybuses in Chieti

References

Sources

External links

  • Site of National Museum Archaeological of Abruzzi Villa Frigerii
  • Official site of Biomedical Museum
  • Official site of Archaeological Museum "La Civitella"
  • Official site of Art Museum "Costantino Barbella"
  • Italy's most important Easter Procession in Chieti
  • Photo Gallery (Italian)
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