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Chikuzen Province

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Title: Chikuzen Province  
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Subject: Modern system of ranked Shinto shrines, Chikugo Province, Siege of Ganjaku, Hizen Province, Buzen Province
Collection: Former Provinces of Japan
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Chikuzen Province

Map of Japanese provinces (1868) with Chikuzen Province highlighted

Chikuzen Province (筑前国 Chikuzen no kuni) was an old province of Japan in the area that is today part of Fukuoka Prefecture in Kyūshū.[1] It was sometimes called Chikushū (筑州) or Chikuyō (筑陽), with Chikugo Province. Chikuzen bordered Buzen, Bungo, Chikugo, and Hizen Provinces.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Shrines and temples 2
  • Historical districts 3
  • See also 4
  • Notes 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

The original provincial capital is believed to be near Dazaifu, although Fukuoka city has become dominant in modern times.

At the end of the 13th century, Chikuzen was the landing point for a Mongol invasion force. But the main force was destroyed by a typhoon (later called kamikaze).

In the Meiji period, the provinces of Japan were converted into prefectures. Maps of Japan and Chikuzen Province were reformed in the 1870s.[2] At the same time, the province continued to exist for some purposes. For example, Chikuzen is explicitly recognized in treaties in 1894 (a) between Japan and the United States and (b) between Japan and the United Kingdom.[3]

Shrines and temples

Sumiyoshi jinja

Sumiyoshi-jinja and Hakosaki-gū (Hakozaki Shrine?) were the chief Shinto shrines (ichinomiya) of Chikuzen.[4]

Historical districts

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Chikuzen" in , p. 114Japan Encyclopedia, p. 114, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780.
  3. ^ US Department of State. (1906). (John Bassett Moore, ed.), Vol. 5, p. 759A digest of international law as embodied in diplomatic discussions, treaties and other international agreements.
  4. ^ ," p. 3Ichinomiya"Nationwide List of ; retrieved 2012-1-18.

References

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

  • Murdoch's map of provinces, 1903
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