World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Cicero Minor

Article Id: WHEBN0006066967
Reproduction Date:

Title: Cicero Minor  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Cicero, Tullia Ciceronis, Cratippus of Pergamon, Gaius Antistius Vetus (consul 30 BC), Roman Cyprus
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Cicero Minor

Marcus Tullius Cicero Minor (Minor Latin for ‘the younger’), or Cicero the Younger, was born in 65 BC.[1] He was the son of Marcus Tullius Cicero, who as a distinguished orator and consular senator was one of the leading figures of the Roman Republic during the 1st century BC, and his first wife, Terentia. Cicero minor had an elder sister, Tullia Ciceronis, who was born in 79 BC and died in 45 BC.[2] In the beginning Cicero wished to have a military career. On the outbreak of civil war in 49 BC, he joined the side of Pompey like his father. After Pompey’s defeat by Julius Caesar at Pharsalus in 48 BC, Cicero minor was pardoned by Caesar.[3]

Cicero was sent off to Cassius, and Latin with Brutus,[4] the two leading conspirators in the assassination of Caesar who, their deed complete, were in Greece trying to gain support for the war against the Second Triumvirate. Brutus praised Cicero and admired him for his noble spirit and his detestation of tyranny. During his time in Athens, Brutus gave Cicero command and used his services in a number of successful undertakings.

After his father was murdered in 43 BC on the orders of Mark Antony, Cicero joined up with the army of Liberatores led by Cassius and Brutus. Brutus had recruited Cicero to help keep Greece under control. After their defeat at the battle of Philippi in 42 BC, Octavian pardoned Cicero and they worked together in the forthcoming struggle against Antony.[5] Cicero subsequently became an augur.

Cicero participated in the battle of Actium in 31 BC, where Octavian defeated Antony, who later committed suicide.[6]

Cicero was nominated as a consul for 30 BC and announced Antony's death to the senate. He was appointed the proconsul over Syria and the province of Asia. Cicero was also able to revoke the honours of Antony and remove all his statues, as well as decreeing that no member of the family would ever bear the name Marcus again. “In this way Heaven entrusted the family of Cicero the final acts in the punishment of Antony.”[7]

Resources

  1. ^ Cicero. Ad Atticum I, ii.
  2. ^ Plutarch. Fall of the Roman Republic. London: Penguin Classics, 1958.
  3. ^ Haskell, H.J. "This was Cicero." 1964: 103-104.
  4. ^ Younger, Cicero. "Letter 34." In The Harvard Classics, Vol. 9, by William Melmoth, 181-183. New York: PF Collier & Son Company, 1909.
  5. ^ Goldsworthy, Adrian The Roman Army at War: 100 Bc-Ad 200 Oxford 1998
  6. ^ Haskell, H.J. "This was Cicero." 1964: 103-104.
  7. ^ Plutarch. Fall of the Roman Republic. London: Penguin Classics, 1958.
  • Plutarch - Cicero and Brutus
  • http://www.skidmore.edu/classics/cicero/family.html

External links

  • Marcus Tullius Cicero the younger entry in historical sourcebook by Mahlon H. Smith
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.