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Cispadane Republic

Cispadane Republic
Repubblica Cispadana
Client state of France

 

1796–1797


Flag

Northern Italy in 1796; Modena and Papal Legations
(all lower right) were merged into the Cispadane Republic
Capital Bologna
Languages Italian
Government Constitutional republic
Legislature Legislative Body
 •  Upper house Council of Thirty
 •  Lower house Council of Sixty
Historical era Napoleonic Wars
 •  Congress of Modena 16 October 1796
 •  Treaty of Tolentino 19 February 1797
 •  Cisalpine Annexation 9 July 1797
 •  Treaty of Campo Formio 17 October 1797
Currency Bolognese lira

The Cispadane Republic (Battle of Lodi in May 1796. The republic's name refers to the "near side" of the River Po.

On 16 October 1796, a congress was held in Austria. The congress proclaimed that the four provinces would form the Repubblica Cispadana and invited other Italian populations to join them. A civic guard, composed of mounted hunters and artillery, was formed. In the 7 January 1797 session, in Reggio Emilia, the congress decided to form a government. The flag, the first tricolore in Italy, was a horizontal tricolour, with red (top), white and green stripes. In the center was an emblem composed of a quiver, accolade to a war trophy, with four arrows that symbolized the four provinces forming the Republic, all within a crown of bay.

According to its constitution, the Republic was to be governed by a directory based on the French Directory; it had a bicameral parliament composed of a Council of Sixty and a Council of Thirty, and was divided into departments after the French model and comuni (municipalities).

On 9 July 1797, the Cispadane Republic united with the Transpadane Republic to form the Cisalpine Republic.

See also

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