World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Cooperative federation

Article Id: WHEBN0007295042
Reproduction Date:

Title: Cooperative federation  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of cooperatives, Co-operatives UK, Confederación Española de Cooperativas de Trabajo Asociado, Federated Co-operatives, Kooperativa Förbundet
Collection: Cooperative Federations, Supraorganizations
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Cooperative federation

A co-operative federation or secondary co-operative is a co-operative in which all members are, in turn, co-operatives.[1] Historically, co-operative federations have predominantly come in the form of co-operative wholesale societies and co-operative unions.[2] Co-operative federations are a means through which co-operatives can fulfill the sixth Co-operative Principle, co-operation among co-operatives. The International Co-operative Alliance notes that “Co-operatives serve their members most effectively and strengthen the co-operative movement by working together through local, national, regional and international structures.”[3]


  • Retail 1
  • Co-operative union 2
  • Banking 3
  • Agriculture 4
  • Co-operative party 5
  • Other uses 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8


According to co-operative economist

  1. ^ "How to set up a Secondary Co-operative" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-05-27. A secondary co-operative is a co-operative business democratically controlled by its members, all of whom are themselves co-operatives and share certain aims or values in common. The secondary co-operative can be a way for these co-operatives to do things that help achieve their aims that they would not be able to do by themselves. Secondary co-operatives have been used in a number of sectors already – Credit Unions, Housing Co-operatives and Social Change Co-operatives for example. 
  2. ^ a b c Gide, Charles; as translated from French by the Co-operative Reference Library, Dublin, Consumers' Co-operative Societies, Manchester: The Co-operative Union Limited, 1921, p. 122, ISBN 1-116-75261-1
  3. ^ Statement on the Co-operative Identity. International Co-operative Alliance.
  4. ^ Phil Kenkel, Oklahoma State University; Amy Hagen, Texas A&M University (2004). "Impact of the Farmland Bankruptcy on Oklahoma Cooperatives" (PDF). via  
  5. ^ "What is a co-operative?".  


See also

Co-operatives whose member owners are businesses, such as retailers' co-operatives, are sometimes called secondary co-operatives, even when their members are not themselves co-operatives.[5]

Other uses

In some countries with strong co-operative sectors, such as the UK, co-operatives have organized parliamentary political parties to represent their interests. The British Co-operative Party is an example of such an arrangement.

Co-operative party

Regional agricultural co-operatives, such as Land O'Lakes and the former Farmland Industries, are co-operative federations owned by local farmers' co-operatives. Like the Co-operative Group (above), Land O'Lakes is actually a hybrid of a primary and secondary co-operative.[4]


see also: Cooperative banking, Credit union, History of credit unions, European Association of Co-operative Banks (EACB)


A second common form of co-operative federation is a co-operative union, whose objective (according to Gide) is “to develop the spirit of solidarity among societies and... in a word, to exercise the functions of a government whose authority , it is needless to say, is purely moral.”[2] Co-operatives UK and the International Co-operative Alliance are examples of such arrangements.

Co-operative union

. Co-operative Group, which were the forerunners to the modern Co-operative Wholesale Societies The best historical examples of this were the English and Scottish [2]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.