World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Cotton-grass

Article Id: WHEBN0012313174
Reproduction Date:

Title: Cotton-grass  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Rejvíz, Tanner Moor
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Cotton-grass

Eriophorum scheuchzeri
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Cyperaceae
Genus: Eriophorum
L.
Synonyms [1]
  • Eriophoropsis Palla
  • Leucoma Ehrh.
  • Linagrostis Guett.
  • Plumaria Bubani
  • Plumaria Heist. ex Fabr.

Eriophorum (cottongrass, cotton-grass or cottonsedge) is a genus of about 25 species of flowering plants in the family Cyperaceae, the sedge family. They are found throughout the temperate Northern Hemisphere in acid bog habitats, being particularly abundant in Arctic tundra regions.[2][3]

They are herbaceous perennial plants with slender, grass-like leaves. The seed heads are covered in a fluffy mass of cotton which are carried on the wind to aid dispersal. In cold Arctic regions, these masses of translucent fibres also serve as 'down' – increasing the temperature of the reproductive organs during the Arctic summer by trapping solar radiation.[4]


Selected species

The following species are included:[1]

  • Eriophorum angustifolium Honck.
  • Eriophorum × beringianum Raymond
  • Eriophorum brachyantherum Trautv. & C.A.Mey.
  • Eriophorum callitrix Cham. ex C.A.Mey.
  • Eriophorum chamissonis C.A.Mey.
  • Eriophorum crinigerum (A.Gray) Beetle
  • Eriophorum × fellowsii (Fernald) M.S.Novos.
  • Eriophorum gracile Koch
  • Eriophorum × gracilifolium M.S.Novos.
  • Eriophorum humile Turcz.
  • Eriophorum latifolium Hoppe
  • Eriophorum × medium Andersson
  • Eriophorum × polystachiovaginatum Beauverd
  • Eriophorum × pylaieanum Raymond
  • Eriophorum × rousseauianum Raymond
  • Eriophorum scabriculme (Beetle) Raymond
  • Eriophorum scheuchzeri Hoppe
  • Eriophorum tenellum Nutt.
  • Eriophorum tolmatchevii M.S.Novos.
  • Eriophorum transiens Raymond
  • Eriophorum vaginatum L.
  • Eriophorum virginicum L.
  • Eriophorum viridicarinatum (Engelm.) Fernald

References


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.