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Title: Dévots  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: History of Catholicism in France, Louis, Duke of Burgundy, Louis XV of France
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Dévots (French pronunciation: ​, Devout) was the name given in France in the first half of the 17th century to a party following a Catholic policy of opposition to the Protestants inside France and alliance with the Catholic Habsburg Monarchy abroad.

Attached to the privileges of the intermediary organs of power between the king and the people (Marie de Médicis and later opposed Cardinal Richelieu, who was pushing for an absolute monarchy and sought an alliance with Protestant powers against the Habsburg Austria and Spain.

Although the Day of the Dupes (November 10, 1630), which confirmed Richelieu as prime minister, marked their political failure, the dévots nonetheless remained very influential (notably with the fervently Catholic regent Anne of Austria). Their influence was felt through the Society of the Holy Sacrament (Compagnie du Saint-Sacrement) until 1665.

Molière's Tartuffe was banned in 1664 when the dévots believed it was satirizing them for being hypocritical in their faith.

Although King Louis XIV definitely established an absolute monarchy, the dévots remained active almost until the French Revolution, being very influential with two heirs to the French throne, Louis, duc de Bourgogne, grandson of King Louis XIV, and Louis, Dauphin of France, son of King Louis XV, both of whom died early and never reigned.

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