World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Dalecarlian dialects

Article Id: WHEBN0004236891
Reproduction Date:

Title: Dalecarlian dialects  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Old Norse, List of endangered languages in Europe, East Brabantian, List of language regulators, Luxembourgish language
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Dalecarlian dialects

Native to Sweden
Region Dalarna County
Native speakers
unknown (undated figure of 1,500)[1]
Official status
Regulated by Swedish Language Council
Language codes
ISO 639-3 None (mis)
Linguist list
dlc (retired ISO code)
Glottolog dale1238[2]

Dalecarlian (Dalmål in vernacular and Swedish) is a group of dialects or unofficial languages spoken in Dalecarlia, Sweden. The most well known outside the area is Elfdalian.

The group is:

Historical and geographic context

Dalecarlian is a North Germanic language that has existed since the Swedish language separated from Norwegian. Upper Dalecarlia is divided into three geographical areas; Västerdalarna, Uvosiljan (Upper Siljan) and Nidåsiljan (Lower Siljan), each parish having its own Dalecarlian dialect(s). Uvosiljan is then divided into seven dialects; Evmol or Övmål, Orsmol, Vuomusmål or Wåmusmol, Wänåsmål, Mormål, Sooldmol and Örmol. Sooldmål, Wänåsmål and Vuomusmål often used to be included in Mormål, even if Vuomusmål is more reminiscent of Elfdalian (Övmål). Probably due to historical summer pasture culture, Örmål is more closely related to Mormål rather than Orsmol, even though Ore is geographically closer to Orsa.

The three main dialects of the Dalecarlian language, Övkallmål or Övdalską Elfdalian, Mormål and Orsmol are closely related to each other, but usually not mutually intelligible. Mutual intelligibity diminishes as one goes forth to the surrounding dialects of Rettvik, Leksand, Särna or neighbouring province Hälsingland. It is therefore more correct to specify these three together to constitute the Dalecarlian language, whilst Elfdalian or Övmål is one of the three main dialects and traditionally all three may be divided into village dialects. Traditionally, in some of the major Mora villages such as Östnor, Bonäs or Vika, several different dialects were discernible within the same village, the differences between these internal dialects surviving for generations.

The closest form to the old Dalecarlian dialects is spoken only in the Upper Siljan area and most remarkably in Älvdalen. The lower Dalecarlian dialects are intermediates between this language and standard Swedish.

It should be noted that Dalecarlian is not spoken upstream from the village of Rot. The defence fort Rots Skans was an outpost on the Norwegian border until the peace treaty of Brömsebro in 1645. Thus, the local language spoken in the northern two-thirds of Älvdalen municipality, i.e. the parishes Särna and Idre, is a dialect of eastern Norwegian.


This was written in Dalecarlian runes until c. 1800.


  1. ^ Linguist List
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Dalecarlian". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.