World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Damping (music)

Article Id: WHEBN0024621233
Reproduction Date:

Title: Damping (music)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Cymbal choke, Blu-Tack, Chop chord, Scruggs style, Beam (music)
Collection: Musical Techniques
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Damping (music)

Play  : features dampened downbeat downstrokes and staccato upbeat upstrokes.
Though notated with quarter notes, the Ska stroke sounds like sixteenth notes due to muting or dampening.[1]

Damping is a technique in music for altering the sound of a musical instrument. Damping methods are used for a number of instruments.


  • Guitar 1
  • Piano 2
  • Gamelan 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5


On guitar, damping (also referred to as choking) is a technique where, shortly after playing the strings, the sound is reduced by pressing the right hand palm against the strings, right hand damping (including Palm muting), or relaxing the left hand fingers' pressure on the strings, left hand damping (or Left-hand muting). Scratching is where the strings are played while damped, i.e., the strings are damped before playing. The term presumably refers to the clunky sound produced. In funk music this is often done over a sixteenth note pattern with occasional sixteenths undamped.

Floating is the technique where a chord is sustained past a sixteenth note rather than that note being scratched, the term referring to the manner in which the right hand "floats" over the strings rather than continuing to scratch.

Skanking is when a note is isolated by left hand damping of the two strings adjacent to the fully fretted string, producing the desired note (the adjacent strings are scratched). The technique is especially popular among ska, rocksteady and reggae guitarists, who use it with virtually every riddim they play on.

Damping is possible on other string instruments by halting the vibration of the strings using the left hand, similar to on a guitar.[2]


On a piano, damping is controlled by the sustain pedal and the key dampers, with the strings being damped unless the pedal and/or the respective key is pressed.


Damping is also important in most percussion instruments in the gamelan, including sarons, gendérs, and gangsas. On instruments that are played with a single mallet, the left hand is used to damp the previously hit note when a new note is played. On the gendèr, which is played with mallets in both hands, the keys must be damped by the same hand.

See also


  1. ^ a b Snyder, Jerry (1999). Jerry Snyder's Guitar School, p.28. ISBN 0-7390-0260-0.
  2. ^ Bolton, Ross (1 June 2001). Funk Guitar: The Essential Guide. Private lessons (Musicians Institute). Hal Leonard Corporation.  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.