World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Daumantas of Lithuania

Article Id: WHEBN0007478647
Reproduction Date:

Title: Daumantas of Lithuania  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Grand Dukes of Lithuania, Daumantas, 1285 deaths, Shvarn, List of state leaders in 1285
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Daumantas of Lithuania

Daumantas or Dovmont was the Grand Duke of Lithuania in 1282–1285.[1] Daumantas is mentioned in chronicles only once and, in absence of any other evidence, is presumed to be a short-ruled Grand Duke who inherited the title after Traidenis' death in 1281 or 1282.[2] It is assumed that Daumantas was succeeded by Grand Duke Butegeidis. Relationships between Traidenis, Daumantas, and Butegeidis are unknown.

The period between 1281/1282 (Traidenis' death) and 1289 (rule of Butegeidis) is one of the most poorly documented periods in the history of Lithuania. The only recorded information about the Grand Duke of Lithuania during that time is a short note from 1285.[2] Seven Russian chronicles—Laurentian, Simeon (Симеоновская летопись), Typographical (Типографская летопись), Nikon, Resurrection (Воскресенская летопись), Avraamki (Авраамки), Yermolin (Ермолинская летопись)—record the same brief story that in March[3] or August 1285 Lithuanians, led by Grand Duke Daumantas, attacked the domain of Simeon, Bishop of Tver.[2] In particular, the Lithuanians attacked the Oleshnya volost (волость Олешня) of the Principality of Tver.[2] The location of the Oleshnya volost is unknown, but historians have identified three possibilities – Vladimir Borzakovskiy argued for the village of Aleshevo (Алешево) in Zubtsov uyezd, Vladimir Kuchkin argued for the area between the Sheshma (Шешма) and Vazuza Rivers, local historian Leletsky argued for area around Aleshnya (Алешня) River, tributary of Gzhat River.[4] A day before the feast of the Transfiguration of Jesus (August 6), the Lithuanian army was defeated by united forces of Tver, Moscow, Volokolamsk, Torzhok, Dmitrov, Zubtsov, and Rzhev. Four chronicles mention that Daumantas was taken into captivity, while others say he was killed. That is all the information that is available about Daumantas.[2]

The reason for Daumantas' invasion of Tver is not known. Chronicles also recorded another raid by the Lithuanians to Novgorod Republic in winter 1285, but it is possible that the dates were mixed up and the raid took place before Daumantas' invasion.[2] These two raids into Russian lands indicated a new direction in Lithuanian interests as Traidenis had concentrated on Livonian Order, Black Ruthenia, and Galicia–Volhynia. Historians attempted to place the two raids in the context of sibling rivalry in Novgorod between Dmitry and Andrei, sons of Alexander Nevsky, or succession in Tver by fourteen-year-old Mikhail of Tver, but no definite conclusions can be made due to lack of written sources.[2]


  1. ^ S. C. Rowell (1994). Lithuania Ascending: A Pagan Empire Within East-central Europe, 1295-1345. Cambridge University Press. p. 52.  
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Dediala, Ričardas (2012-12-15). "Apie nežinomąjį Daumantą" (in Lietuvių). 
  3. ^ Gudavičius, Edvardas (2004). Lietuvos valdovai (XIII-XVIII a.): enciklopedinis žinynas (in Lietuvių). Vilnius: Mokslo ir enciklopedijų leidybos institutas. p. 28.  
  4. ^ Темушев, Виктор Николаевич (2007). Литовско-тверская граница (проблемы интерпретации источников). Российские и славянские исследования (in Русский) 2. 
Daumantas of Lithuania
Died: 1285?
Royal titles
Preceded by
Grand Duke of Lithuania
Succeeded by
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.