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Demographics of England

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Demographics of England

The demography of England has since 1801 been measured by the decennial national census, and is marked by centuries of population growth and urbanisation. Due to the lack of authoritative contemporary sources, estimates of the population of England for dates prior to the first census in 1801 vary considerably.

Population

The population at the time of the 2011 census was 53,012,456

Historical population

Place of birth

Country of birth Population  % of total
population
Total 53,012,456 100.00
England 44,246,592 83.46
Scotland 708,872 1.34
Wales 506,619 0.96
Northern Ireland 206,735 0.39
UK not otherwise specified 6,499 0.01
Republic of Ireland 395,182 0.75
Other EU Member Countries (pre 2001) 894,908 1.69
Other EU 2001 Accession Countries (post 2001) 1,085,351 2.04
Other Countries 4,961,698 9.36
Source: 2011 Census: KS202EW National identity, local authorities in England and Wales, Accessed 22 December 2012

Age

The data below is based on the 2011 census.[3] In 2001, the mean age of England's population was 38.60, and the median age was 37.00.

Ages attained
(years)
Population  % of total
population
 % per year
of age band
0–4 3,318,449 6.26 1.25
5–9 2,972,632 5.61 1.12
10–14 3,080,929 5.81 1.16
15–19 3,340,265 6.30 1.26
20–24 3,595,321 6.78 1.36
25–29 3,650,881 6.89 1.38
30–34 3,509,221 6.62 1.32
35–39 3,549,116 6.69 1.34
40–44 3,885,934 7.33 1.47
45–49 3,879,815 7.32 1.46
50–54 3,400,095 6.41 1.28
55–59 2,996,992 5.65 1.13
60–64 3,172,277 5.98 1.20
65–69 2,508,154 4.73 0.95
70–74 2,044,129 3.86 0.77
75–79 1,669,345 3.15 0.63
80–84 1,258,773 2.37 0.47
85–89 776,311 1.46 0.29
90+ 403,817 0.76 -

Life expectancy at birth[4]

  • January 2001 – December 2003
    • Males: 76.24 years
    • Females: 80.72 years
  • January 2002 - December 2004
    • Males: 76.55 years
    • Females: 80.91 years
  • January 2003 - December 2005
    • Males: 76.92 years
    • Females: 81.14 years

Ethnicity

The 2001 and 2011 census estimated the following ethnic groups:

Ethnic group 2001
population
2001
%
2011
population
2011
%
White: British 42,747,136 87.0 42,279,236 79.8
White: Irish 624,115 1.3 517,001 1.0
White: Irish Traveller/Gypsy[note 1] 54,895 0.1
White: Other 1,308,110 2.7 2,430,010 4.6
White: Total 44,679,361 91.0 45,281,142

85.4

Asian or Asian British: Indian 1,028,546 2.1 1,395,702 2.6
Asian or Asian British: Pakistani 706,539 1.4 1,112,282 2.1
Asian or Asian British: Bangladeshi 275,394 0.6 436,514 0.8
Asian or Asian British: Chinese 220,681 0.5 379,502 0.7
Asian or Asian British: Asian Other 237,810 0.5 819,403 1.6
Asian or Asian British: Total 2,468,970 5.1 4,143,403

7.8

Black or Black British: Caribbean 561,246 1.1 591,016 1.1
Black or Black British: African 475,938 1.0 977,741 1.8
Black or Black British: Other 95,324 0.2 277,857 0.5
Black or Black British: Total 1,132,508 2.3 1,846,614

3.5

Mixed: White and Caribbean 231,424 0.5 415,616 0.8
Mixed: White and African 76,498 0.2 161,550 0.3
Mixed: White and Asian Other 184,014 0.4 332,708 0.6
Mixed: Other Mixed 151,437 0.3 283,005 0.3
British Mixed: Total 643,373 1.4 1,192,879

2.0

Other: Arab[note 2] 220,985 0.4
Other: Any other ethnic group 214,619 0.4 327,433 0.6
Other: Total 214,619 0.4 548,418

1.0

Total 49,138,831 100 53,012,456

100

Notes for table above

Source: 2011 Census: KS201EW Ethnic group: local authorities in England and Wales.

Religion

Main article: Religion in England

Religion
Population  % of total
population
Christian 31,479,876 59.4
Muslim 2,660,116 5.0
Hindu 806,199 1.5
Sikh 420,196 0.8
Jewish 261,282 0.5
Buddhist 238,626 0.4
Other religion 227,825 0.4
No religion 13,114,232 24.7
Not stated 3,804,104 7.2
Source: 2011 Census - KS209EW Religion, local authorities in England and Wales.

See also

Notes


References

External links

  • National Statistics
  • Populstat population figure site – main source for 1801–1991
  • Genealogical documents
  • England map by county population
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